A uiet Revolution) [E–pub/Pdf] Ý Leila Ahmed


Read the book it may be mandatory but they id not identify or wish to openly identify with everything that it has come to stand for Another simple observation Ahmed made struck me Muslims criticise the government less than their non Muslim counterparts in public speeches I had unconsciously already understood this in grade 10 when arriving in Canada that year and being told by my classmates that 911 was arranged by the American government I simply shrugged because I appreciated that as a Muslim I could not air such thoughts Reading the second half of the book and finally beginning to understand the importance of clothing in the university environment as a symbol of identity a fact that I had enied as stupid who cares what you wear was not only enjoyable but necessary While I have criticisms of this book all of them pale in comparison to this knowledge that I have gained about myself and the society I am in Whew A lot to read and I m not sure I absorbed much of it Still interesting and worth another read through at another time I m confused about the ifference between Islam and Islamism and Muslims Encouraged about trends of Islamism in USWest as they apply towards being actively engaged in social justice and standing up for minoritiesspeaking out against injustices to include issues involving treatment of women in Islam So why is there a resurgence of the veil Yes there s all that going on in the middle east where women are reuired to wear it by men and the usual patriarchal views But what s encouraging is that young women in the West are wearing it because of their own personal beliefs and not because they are forced to The Gnostic Religion do it Chapters 1 2 and 3 of this book are a must read on the British colonial influences that suppressed traditional Egyptianress at the turn of the 20th century and the surprising appearance of the modern hijab in Egypt after 1973 If you are interested in this topic I strongly recommend this compelling sociological overview however incomplete it may be from an insider perspectiveHowever the rest of the book can be completely Computational Molecular Biology: An Algorithmic Approach (Computational Molecular Biology) dismissed Don t even look at it as Ardene s review states it sominated by an undefined and mystifying term called Islamism which the author tries to Mocktails distinguish from Islam to no avail The prologue to part 2 can be read ironically as the au This was uite helpful and interesting to me as someone who spent a lot of time working with Muslim women in a non profit organization right after 911 Weid a solidarity event with women who covered as Ahmed Clojure In Action describes was common across the US as those women were the targets of prejudice from nasty remarks to violenceI loved my friends who wore the hijab and at the same time I felt uncomfortable whenever I myself wore a scarf whether at a solidarity event or to attend mosue and sit in the back My friends spoke of the way that theyidn t like how women and girls were sexualized in American culture and how the hijab for them was a stand against that I appreciated that it seemed to me that they were taking of a position on this than secular American feminists seemed to be Southern African Literature: An Introduction doing At the same time it felt clear to me that covering reuired one precisely to claim that one was a sexual physical being and to foreground that aspect of oneself uite visibly Theouble standard with men who of course BWWM (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2 (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Secret Baby Romance Contemporary Romance) did not cover was also troubling to me as were some of my friends comments that their bodies belonged to their husbands to see and not to the world My own view that was that my body belonged to me and that I had committed to sharing it only with my husband To say that one s body belonged to one s husband seemed to me troubling and I always wondered whether this was a semanticifference between how I and my friends perceived this or a real BWWM (An African American Romance) (BWWM Paranormal Scifi Romance) differenceAt any rate Ahmed gives a very helpful context to the historical and political context of the rise of veiling in the late 90s onward The first section of the book is about un veiling in Cairo and how the re veiling trend was linked to the rise of Islamism Iidn t read the first half of the book but skipped right to the part about the US in the late 90s though Ahmed oes summarize and skip back to the historical context throughoutAhmed points out that the veil has often been used by colonial oppressors as symbols of Islam s Otherness and oppression of women She cites how one noted British imperialist no supporter of British women s rights used the veil as an example #of Muslim misogyny and a justification for colonialism She then goes on to a very troubling section on how this # Muslim misogyny and a justification for colonialism She then goes on to a very troubling section on how this thing happened in the United States uring the invasion of Afghanistan when the Taliban s ruthless treatment of women was often invoked to justify killing women children and their families uring the invasion She uotes Abu Lughod who asks Where is the global feminist campaign against killing such significant *Numbers Of Mostly Muslim Women Or Maiming *of mostly Muslim women Or maiming traumatizing them killing their children sisters mothers husbands fathers and brothers 228 I felt proud here of the work I Eşti cool şi dacă vorbeşti corect done that I mentioned above with an interreligious group of women called Women for Peace and our activism against the war Ahmed writes the rights and conditions of women in Muslim majority societies often are acutely in need of improvement as indeed they are in many other societies But the uestion now is how we address such issues while not allowing our work and concerns to aid and abet imperialist projects 229 She points out that it would be as senseless and useless to talk about what oppresses Muslim women in the US Kandahar or Sri Lanka as it would be to talk about what oppresses Christian women in Serbia in the US and in China In each case the answer would be inflected by the specific historical political and sociological circumstancesIn the early post colonial period the veil was emphatically affirmed by the Muslim Brotherhood and other religiously grounded oppositional movements as an emblem of resistance to colonialism and of affirmation of indigenous values a meaning that it retained in the initial years of the Islamic Resurgence 212 Meanings of hijab for wearers and others Otherness of Islam oppression of women obedience to God s commands as set forth in the uran personal expression of spiritual commitment to challenge the sexism of the ways women are viewed to assert a minority identity in aominant culture Clearly these are meanings that the hijab can come to have only in societies that Fall for You declare themselves committed to gender euality and euality for minorities They are not meanings that the hijab could possibly have in Cairo or Karachi or Riyadh or Tehran 213Ahmed gives an example of a woman who spoke at an open house at a mosue identifying herself as a non believing Jeweeply skeptical of all monotheisms and yet committed to supporting Muslims in their right to be in this country and in their right to be treated with justice and without Money Blues to Blue Money discrimination 202 Ahmed remarks that this was an unprecedented moment when a woman of Jewish background who would not normally have been invited into the main room of the mosue reserved for men could be there and offer views that in ordinary times they would not have even permitted to have uttered in their mosues At that moment in time space opened up for Muslim authorities to hear from people who spoke from aeeply American tradition of justice and indeed like the Islamists themselves in their origins from a tradition of activism in pursuit of justice 204Ahmed also outlines the history of progressive Muslim action after 911 which seems to have arisen precisely out of the activist and social justice orientation of the Muslim BrotherhoodIslamism as opposed to the uietistpietistic Muslim traditions Such progressive action included women leading mixed gender prayer some small steps toward giving voice to LGBT Muslims She Facial Action Coding SystemInvestigator's Guide Part 16701 documents the ways that these arise precisely out of being Muslims in America and the way the participants used Martin Luther King Jr and the African American experience particularly as a touchstone in thinking about the ways that Islam needed to open itself to gender and sexual orientation justice. Tion of activism in the cause of justice and social change It is often Islamists even than secular Muslims who are at the forefront of such contemporary activist struggles as civil rights and women's rights Ahmed's surprising conclusions represent a near reversal of her thinking on this topicRichly insightful intricatelyrawn and passionately argued this absorbing story of the veil's resurgence from Egypt through Saudi Arabia and into the West suggests a ramatically new portrait of contemporary Isl. ,


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A uiet RevolutionOnly a generation ago few Muslim women wore head coverings in public in Egypt Leila Ahmed who is from Egypt and is now a professor at Harvard University asks how the reversal of that trend came about and what it means It begins with a conversation with her friend in the 1990 s observing a group of covered Muslim women near her university campus Her friend says To them we are the enemy That s how they see us all of us people like us feminist progressives That s just how it is We can t ignore that And anyway they are our enemies They threaten us ban our books and oppose everything we stand for That s just how it is They refers to the central player in this book the Muslim Brotherhood She remembers it well from her childhood when they bombed the cinemas she liked to attend and murdered her father s friend the prime minister of Egypt And they are the ones who insist that female head covering is mandatory So she is not exactly a fan But she tries to objectively examine what this movement is about including its possible meritsThe Ignorance of Erasing HistoryThe Arabic word Jahiliyya traditionally means the ignorance of Arabian society before the Islamic revelations The Brotherhood s leading intellectual Sayyid utb applies it to almost all of Islamic history He says People s visions beliefs their habits and customs their sources of knowledge art literature rules and laws even what we consider as Islamic education Islamic sources Islamic philosophy and Islamic thought all if it is the product of the Jahiliyyah This kind of extreme rejection of the past has a rather poor track record in history Think of the communists trying to create the New Socialist Man The so called Islamic State is busy trying to remove all traces of both the pre Islamic past and the parts of the Islamic past they isapprove of This philosophy is essentially a rejection of civilization itselfShades of IslamismAccording to the author traditional Islam is a personal relationship with Islamic teaching strongly colored by the local culture Islamism reuires activism in the cause of Nicholas Flamels First Codex da wa religious outreach and justice as theyefine it Those who use violence are referred to a militant IslamistsWithin Islamism there is a range of approaches Since the 1970 s the mainstream of the Muslim Brotherhood has been committed to a gradualist approach of charity work and education with the violence undertaken by its radical offshoots While moderate Muslims were out shopping the Brotherhood was reaching out and converting much of the population to their version of Islam In all societies people of moderation are at this kind of Alien disadvantage againstedicated extremistsGood Cop Bad Cop after 911Let me complete the thoughts from the start of this review And now our own friends Agriculture in Qajar Iran defend them the Islamists And what is worse they are right too so That is what they have to African American Literature in Transition, 1830-1850 do in this countryefend minorities À quoi rêvent les algorithmes defend people s right to beifferent That s why we love their societies That s why we want to be like them A major theme of the book is the convergence between leftist liberal American values and some of the ideas of Islamism These include euality social activism and opposition to what is perceived as American Imperialism Whatever you think of these issues it BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 40 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 40: Billionaires Secret Baby (Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) did serve to provide Muslims including Islamists a place in the American mainstream American born Muslims see no conflict between their faith and basic American values and even view their activism as helping to strengthen the true AmericaOn the other hand sometimes pressure from the conservative end of the spectrum can have a positive impact For example Ahmed reports that Al Fatiha a homosexual Muslim organization was forced to operate in secret to avoid violence from extremists After 911 and the increased scrutiny by the US government it was able to hold its conventions openly Under similar pressure she reports that the Brotherhood conventions became open and inclusive with non Islamic guest speakers and uncovered women in attendanceI wonder how conservatives feel aboutoing the heavy lifting to bolster the ranks of those allied with liberal activistsSaved by the Double Edged SwordIslam has always had a Spare the Child: The Religious Roots of Punishment and the Psychological Impact of Physical Abuse decentralized structure So while Brotherhood agents founded western Islamic organizations they are governed under local control As American born Muslims join them these organizations are changingSayyid utb s philosophy can be seen as aouble edged sword In rejecting the authority of the Islamic scholars he claimed that ordinary Muslims could interpret the scriptures themselves Thus some Muslims are oing just that choosing to re interpret the ur an in a moderate and feminist friendly wayThe book ends with a cautiously optimistic view of how Islam in America is evolving Let us hope that she is right 35 starsRead for my Women Gender and Sexuality in Middle Eastern History class not going to review A uiet Revolution the veil s resurgence from the Middle East to America is a fascinating and frustrating book Leila Ahmed currently teaching at Harvard writes from her perspective as a Muslim women
BORN IN THE 1940S IN EGYPT 
in the 1940s in Egypt raised uring a time when it was normal for women of her family upper middle class educated urban not to wear hijab head covering Thus her experience of the advocacy of many Western educated Muslims advocacy of a return to a pure form of Islam coupled with an increase in the wearing of hijab as a sign of this return is not welcome In Ahmed s understanding the rise of hijab is coupled with the rise of a type of Islam that calls for political activisim on the part of its practionersI found Ahmed s account a content rich Faith Into Action: Thoughts on Selected Topics description of the combination of political and religious activism of Muslims in Egypt and to a lesser extent Saudi Arabia in the lastecades of the twentieth century In addition it covers the influx of students and later immigrants to the USA from majority Muslim countries in the last half of the twentieth century and the Alien Generals Chosen Brion Brides development of several organizations in the US This was the fascinating partUnfortunately the entireiscussion is laced with the word Islamism which is never clearly Academic Motherhood: How Faculty Manage Work and Family defined This makes itifficult impossible to be clear about what Ahmed s position is At the first use of the *WORD ISLAMISM PAGE 3 INTRODUCTION AHMED *Islamism page 3 Introduction Ahmed the appearance of hijab signals to her the presence of Islamism a political form of Islam which she associates with the Muslim Brotherhood and by implication in the next four paragraphs with violence Thus the word carries a negative connotation On page 9 she refers to Islamism as a term that becomes popular in the 1990s to Alcohol Fuel: A Guide to Making and Using Ethanol as a Renewable Fuel describe a wider continuum of movements from moderate to militant The confused meaning of Islamism coupled with a lack of thesis statement made this bookisappointingI Uprising Emerge Series do appreciate Ahmed s attempt to put the rise of hijab in historical and political context This is to me a very helpful way of looking at it and a perspective I haven t run across before I used this book as a source for a paper for an online course otherwise I might not have read it It was interesting enough that Iecided to go ahead and finish reading it after my paper was completed It is a etailed short history about the veil that Muslim women wear It is well written has a wealth of information and seemed to be fairly even handed in its presentation I had the impression when I first started reading the book would end in a particular tone or vibe and I was uite surprised to learn that was not the case view spoilerThe author blames a militant version of Islam as being the source behind the resurgence of the veil in the lives of Muslim women I thought she would end the book pining for her lost freedom and the irection in which Islam was moving About halfway through the book she shifted Dare To Be Hero directions and changed her focus in so many words hide spoiler Ahmed traces how meanings haveeveloped surrounding Muslim women covering the hair on their heads The earliest meanings shared to some Sedition and Alchemy: A Biography of John Cale degree by all monotheistic societies pertained to God given roles in society Colonial actions of the nineteenth century added a new meaning viewing the veil a sign of the inferiority. In Cairo in the 1940s Leila Ahmed was raised by a generation of women who neverressed in the veils and headscarves their mothers and grandmothers had worn To them these coverings seemed irrelevant to both modern life and Islamic piety Today however the majority of Muslim women throughout the Islamic world again wear the veil Why Ahmed asks The (Underground) Railroad in African American Literature did this change take root so swiftly and whatoes this shift mean for women Islam and the WestWhen she began her study Ahmed assumed that the veil's return indi.

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Of Islam and Muslim societies and peoples as well as of Islam s Handbook for Teaching African Literature African Writers degradation of women 44 By the 1920s Egyptian intelligentsia had accepted this view asemonstrated most clearly in the writings of asim Amin who called for the unveiling of women as part of social changes in imitation of European society From the 1920s to 1960s urban women throughout the Arab world tended not to wear headscarfs According to Ahmed this Indiras Objective Agronomy MCQs for Agricultural Competitive Examinations does not mean that women had lost their piety Instead she claims Islamists have recast the 1920s to 1960s as a secular age a time when women had given up on veiling because they were no longerevout or even believing Muslims and had given up on Islam 47 With the growing popularity of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood from the 1970s Egyptian women increasingly chose to cover the hair on their heads By the late twentieth century wearing a veil had become a personal choice Among the plethora of reasons a woman might choose to cover her hair was increasing social pressure as people grew to embrace the The Great Black Way: L.A. in the 1940s and the Lost African-American Renaissance decision and encouraged others to follow their example Whyid people choose to embrace this custom Ahmed attributes this mass acceptance of social change to the appeal of the Muslim Brotherhood The group took an early stance in the 1930s in support of Palestine against British policy and in A New Reader's Guide to African Literature defiance of the Egyptian government which supported British policy at the time 51 Also the Brotherhood called for social justice with Arab unity as a step toward Islamic unity 52 To thisay the Brotherhood and the movement that it inspired among Muslims throughout the world strives for social justice Ahmed s book consists of two parts The first narrates the history of the custom of veiling and I have attempted to summarize that history above The second part Story Alchemy Authors Craft Book 2 discusses instances of Islamic feminism in the United States that Ahmed sees as having branched from the Islamist movement that the Egyptian Brotherhood began One of theistinguishing traits of the groups and individuals that Ahmed names is their strong identification as Muslims They tend to present themselves and their work activism charity advocacy research writing lecturing and so on as Muslim first and foremost This of course aims to increase unity among Muslims The most obvious Oral and Written Poetry in African Literature Today disadvantage is that such a stance mayownplay unity among other social groups to which individuals belong However especially post 911 many Muslims felt the need to reclaim their Muslim identity in recognition of the tragedyI think that Ahmed s book succeeds in offering a balanced account Ahmed admits that her book is limited to Egypt and the United States but that the trends she traces stretch farther I think that exploration of how such trends stretch farther to other geographical locations would certainly enhance this book and its usefulness Ahmed writes as a scholar first and foremost noting trends offering observations and analyses She BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 89 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 89: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) does not write primarily as a woman a Muslim or an American for instance Io not see any clear calls for action So I recommend the book to other scholars and those interested in learning about why some Muslim women cover the hair on their heads especially those in Egypt and the United States For those who want personal reflections calls for action or explorations of trends implications they will need to resort to other booksand perhaps future writings by AhmedAlso if you are interested in how women are rising in leadership positions in the Muslim community then you would probably like to see Veiled Voices a Digital Griots documentary of interviews with women in Lebanon Egypt and Syria The official website YouTube at time of writing I remember having this book on my to read shelf since 2014 and thinking I m not going to find a reasonably priced copy Given that there are so many reviews on the content of the book I figure that I might as well write on how this book affected me personally Perhaps it will help someone Or likely make me feel smart and experienced I started off reading this book given to me by my brother apparently because of the innocuous reason that it has good ratings on though I suspect it had too with my unexpected The Handbook of Academic Writing decision toe hijab with a The Future of Academic Freedom determination not to like it Having been told by numerous people that Western scholarship on Islamic matters is biased Iecided to Agricultural Machinery Mechanization develop my own bias against their bias wow inception In the very first chapter Ahmed stated her bias against the Muslim Brotherhood a group that was featured far than I expected and Islamists in general This honesty rather than earning my begrudging respect seemed an obvious reason not to read the book so I put itown *and moved onto some random boring book Or maybe a couple of chick flicks ShhReturning to university after a fun *moved onto some random boring book Or maybe a couple of chick flicks ShhReturning to university after a fun mindless summer however I re encountered the atmosphere that had originally led to my Rethinking American Womens Activism de hijabing the unshakable feeling that wearing the hijab or indeed anyisplay of ostentatious religiosity meant something to the people I met than I intended for it to convey and that I was unable to freely ask uestions and enuire while I carried the burden of this inexplicable symbolism on my head As such I Sustainable Agriculture decided to continue reading this book toemystify this strange sensationThe first half focussed primarily on the Muslim Brotherhood Egyptian politics etc Even the women referenced were all speaking from an Egyptian framework I could not relate to them and felt as though I could find a objective comprehensive source in Egyptian history elsewhere The second half Articles on Agricultural Writers Including discussed issues of hijab and broadly gender stances in Muslim American society Beginning with a longiscourse on ISNA and MSA the histories of which I was totally unaware Green Patriot Posters despite being loosely affiliated with both and ending with a list of prominent female Muslim activists I was able to relate on a far profound level Suddenly or rather gradually redundancy isefinitely something the author should work on my impressions of the university s atmosphere made a whole lot of sense The firm feeling I had of my hijab meaning to others than it meant to me was because it My Hero Academia - Ultra Analysis did Compared to my egregiously Caucasian and Islamically ignorant public high school the folks at university knew something about religion and indeed had opinions on it To them as I suppose to most Western university going hijab wearers the hijab was not simply an act of obedience to God which was all I had ever thought it to be but that of social justice activism and identity Unconsciously or consciously this is the notion the hijab has come to represent for its wearers and the one that its attackerseclare is mistaken Ahmed s explanations are the first I have read on the topic and my own experiences confirm it Hence the hijab is a personal choice but certainly one closer to piety because piety involves social justice To wear the hijab is brave something piety involves social justice To wear the hijab is brave something never understood euating as I Fundamentals of Sequential and Parallel Algorithms did hijab with something private like prayer because it is to take a public stand on your identity as part of an oft vilified minorityIgnorant as I wasam having been raised in a Muslim majority nation I failed to see that to wear the hijab in Canada is vastlyifferent than to wear it in Saudi Arabia I had been shielded from the When Someone You Love Is Addicted To Alcohol Or Drugs difference because I went to a public school that was totally indifferent on the matter kids whoidn t know or care about religion but once I entered an environment with educated The Real Ebonics Debate driven students the obvious symbolism of the hijab gained a new meaning I was not simply wearing the hijab I was unconsciously asserting a pre formulated preecided identity to onlookers in university an environment where my parents When Action Follows Heart did not have a say on what I wore By wearing such a visible symbol I had unwittingly united myself with a group of people who were clearly a minority struggling especially in a somewhat Islamophobic province It was not simple minded piety that my hijab expressed but open opposition to the current status uo While before I had not understood why Muslim Canadian girls who accepted that the hijab was mandatoryid not wear it my simple minded and stupid rationalization being that they wanted to look pretty it became clearer to me as Cated a backward step for Muslim women worldwide What she Almost Alchemy discovered however in the stories of British colonial officials young Muslim feminists Arab nationalists pious Islamicaughters American Muslim immigrants violent jihadists and peaceful Islamic activists confounded her expectations Ahmed observed that Islamism with its commitments to activism in the service of the poor and in pursuit of social justice is the strain of Islam most easily and naturally merging with western English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing democracies' own tradi.

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