Bengal Divided 1905 1971 (EBOOK)

An unbiased no nonsense narrative that ends on very note For those unfamiliar with history Bengal and its unity even after being divided this book can prove to For those unfamiliar with the history of Bengal and its unity even after being divided this book can prove to very insightful Nitish Sengupta was an IAS officer who after his retirement joined politics and became a Member of Parliement He has written a number of books including Land of Two Rivers A History of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib In Bengal Divided he recounts the history of Bengal of 20th century till birth of Bangladesh History of 20th century Bengal unfailingly makes for a sad reading A people who has attained reat heights of civilizational lory are divided in two peoples based on religion a division that has been effected by the self serving politicians aided by alien rulers People of two different faith systems who have lived side by side for over thousand years have decided in the space of a few decades that they cannot live as neighbours any longer The result is a mind blowing tragedy the aftershocks of which are still being felt 75 years later Sengupta in this short 240 page book has narrated that history in broad brush strokes The agony of the pre partition days The famine of 1943 The Great Calcutta Killings of 1946 And the heartless manner in which the land was vivisected by the British bureaucrates by far the strangest most illogical and arbitrarily drawn boundary line in history between two countries The events of the twenty five years leading to the liberation of Bangladesh which in itself is a history shaping event has been however dealt with rather summarily possibly because of space constraints Sengupta ends the book with a very perceptive observation In the case of Bangladesh while they are very proud of their own language and cultural identity they have to uard against two powerful pulls first pan Islamic Wahabi Islamic fundamentalism and jehadi fanaticism and second the powerful pan Indian cultural and social syst. In 1905 all of Bengal rose in uproar because the British had partitioned the state Yet in 1947 the same people insisted on a partition alo. .



Bengal Divided 1905 1971Er of the two sister nations Large scale violence erupted in Punjab and minority populations were exchanged across the new border Bengal remained calm but tense due to the healing touch provided by Gandhiji s physical remained calm but tense due to the healing touch provided by Gandhiji s physical there As a result of this a large number of Muslims stayed on in Indian Bengal and a similar number of Hindus in East Pakistan Cultural social and industrial interactions were subseuently active in Bengal than Punjab If we look back in history the partition of Bengal occurred first in 1905 and then in 1971 when the region obtained independence from Pakistan after an armed Struggle With The Help Of with the help of arms This book covers a period of 66 years from 1905 to 1971 that unmade the nation of Bengal on religious lines It follows the events The tragic story of the separation of the East Pakistan from West Pakistan is tremendously streamlined by the writer What Jinnah co and army Bhuttoo failed to realize was Bengali Nationalism Had Bengali been declared National Language in the 1948 the economic exploitation of Bengal had been stopped and political freedom of Bengal had been ensured Pakistan might not have lost its other partSimilarly the writer has eagerly emphasized on the Independence of the Subcontinent from the British and its division into India and Pakistan Moreover the role and struggle of Bengali Nationalists such as Chittaranjan Das Subhash Chandra Bose HS Suhrawerdy A must read for scholars of South Asian StudiesThis is a well researched account describing the making of East Pakistan in 1947 and later Bangladesh in 1971 British colonial rulers tried to divide the Bengal province in 1905 but without any success The unfortunate event of creation of East Pakistan in 1947 bifurcating the Indian nation bled us profusely with several thousands deaths across the borders This book narrates rieves and sorrows in the process of making of Bangladesh nation A must read for scholars of South Asian studie. Light on the roles of figures such as Chittaranjan Das Subhas Chandra Bose Nazrul Islam Fazlul Ha HS Suhrawardy and Shyama Prasad mukherj.

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Em Naturally they have to strike a balance in the face of These Pulls While strong While are proud of their Bengali cultural identity they are also proud of their Islamic heritage but would not like to see their Bengali identity being swamped by either of these two Similarly Bengalis in India have to balance *THEIR TRANS NATIONAL BENGALI CULTURAL IDENTITY WITH THE VERY *trans national Bengali cultural identity with the very force of pan Indian identity of which they are also partners As the second decade of the the millenium rolls into the third the later trends appear to be winning on both sided of the porous border Even though the language has a somewhat bureaucratic stiffness and the book has a feel of high school history textbook Bengal Divided is usefully readable Sengupta sets out to untie what seems like a historical paradox a people who protested a partition in 1905 ended up etting permanently partitioned in only 65 years later As one learns very early it is less of a paradox than one might believe Layers of division already ran through Bengali society way before Curzon s notorious mandate Thanks to Sengupta s steady magnifying Canadian Art, Volume 1 (A-F): Canadian Art: Volume I (A-F) glass we see the differences between the Muslim and the Hindu between the Bhadralok and the peasant and the Dalit we see the suabble as well as the argument around Cornwallis Permanent Settlement and Hunter s prejudice against educating the Hindu Sengupta clears the undergrowth to shed light on the zealot in Fazlul Hu and the savant in Chittaranjan Das without ever valourising them A history buff must not this book which is both fastidious as well as decisive Aood primer on the political history of Bengal in the last century Of course all history is someone s point of view Interesting to think that a decision here or there could have seen Kolkata as a capital of an Independent nation India s partition in 1947 basically involved the division of the two provinces of Bengal and the Punjab as the other provinces went in as a whole to eith. Ng communal lines Why did this happen Nitish Sengupta peels of the layers of events in this pivotal period in Bengal's history casting new.

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