[E–pub] Il pendolo di Foucault

The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution

Free read ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook õ Umberto Eco

NightsYou wonder how nobody diedWe started talkingYou didn t come here to have unYou said well I just came Ravishing Ruby for youdEUS Nothing Really Ends Live NOTESI transferred my reading notes and updates to My Writings here Il pendolo di Foucault Foucault s Pendulum Umberto EcoFoucault s Pendulum is a novel by Italian writer and philosopher Umberto Eco It wasirst published in 1988 and an English translation by William Weaver appeared a year later Foucault s Pendulum is divided into ten segments represented by the ten Sefiroth The satirical novel is ull of esoteric references to Kabbalah alchemy and conspiracy theory so many that critic and novelist Anthony Burgess suggested that it needed an index The pendulum of the title refers to an actual pendulum designed by the French physicist Leon Foucault to demonstrate Earth s rotation and has symbolic significance within the novel Some believe it refers to the philosopher Michel Foucault noting Eco s riendship with the French philosopher but the author specifically rejects any intentional reference to Michel Foucault this is regarded as one of his subtle literary jokes 2011 1389 2 1172 215 145 9789643343187 20 1851 3 the last of the pentalogy of puzzlement and perseverance stars A very difficult book to both rate and review As I read this book I reflected on our other books that have been considered great by so many of my riends and in particular my darling partnerThese Old Yeller five books to me were seeds and shadows of greatness but Ielt were so heavily Flying by the Seat of My Pants: Flight Attendant Adventures on a Wing and a Prayer flawed that they became onlyair to average good reads Lincoln: An Illustrated Biography for meThese books are1 184 25 stars2Cloud Atlas 3 stars3 A Fine Balance 3 stars4 The Goldfinch 3 stars5 Foucault s Pendulum 3 starsThey were all extremely long books that perplexed me and I had to push push push to get throughI have no regrets reading any of them but I doubt I will return to any of them as theyrustrated me to no end and I was not left with a On Being Human: Reflections on Life and Living feeling of awe or wonder or sense that I had read anything close to a masterpiece but rather like halfinished paintings or half Frommers Irreverent Guide to Walt Disney World formed statues tepid tea cold pizzaThese books often had me uestion myself on my level of intelligence my sense of esthetics or if I was truly a worthwhile reader as these books were raved about by many people I admire and aew I even loveIn the end however I am entitled to eel ambivalent about what I read like what I like and see these books as struggles that helped me grow as a reader and urther define my tastes in literatureThis book in particular challenged me throughout as at most I understood a third of the context I admired the ine line between truth and delusion and references to history religion science and magic I could have spent much longer on this novel and could have done much research to deepen my understanding but would throughout the book consciously choose not toI will leave you with a uote rom the book that sums up the main gist of the book to my very limited understanding of what this novel is aboutThere are no bigger secrets because the moment a secret is revealed it seems little There is only an empty secret A secret that keeps slipping through your ingers The secret of the orchid is that it signifies and affects the testicles But the testicles signify a sign of the zodiac which in turn signifies an angelic hierarchy which then signifies a musical scale and the scale signifies a relationship amont the humors And so onAnd so my reading adventures will continue I read a lot and the people around me are used to seeing a new book in my hand every day or couple of days Naturally they ask me what I m reading usually in a way that implies I should divulge than just the title and the author which are plainly visible on the cover How do I respond when I m reading something so sublime and transcendental as Foucault s Pendulum It defies ordinary description of plot because Umberto Eco has again unified his narrative with his themes and characters to create a complex masterpiece Even the hook on the back of my paperback edition doesn t do it justiceAt its core Foucault s Pendulum is a able about conspiracies It is a cautionary tale that demonstrates what happens when people begin to believe in conspiracy theories lending credence lends life which can have unfortunate conseuences or everyone involved The main characters begin as sceptics working or a publishing house that s allied with a vanity press who begin constructing a Hip Pocket Sleaze: The Lurid World of Vintage Adult Paperbacks fictitious Plan by connecting seemingly disparate historicalacts When organizations and individuals begin showing up seeming to be acting in accordance with this Plan however our protagonists realize that if you make up a Plan even a Mookie: Life, Baseball, and the '86 Mets false one someone might try to execute itThis book is not about conspiracy theories though It has been compared to The Da Vinci Code and of course there are similarities both books deal with Templar mythologyor instance Foucault s Pendulum is so much though It isn t a mystery about a conspiracy theory it s a mystery that looks into the effects of conspiracy theories on otherwise rational scholarly people The narrative parallels the characters journey in its own structure beginning with a strong oundation in logical principles and eventually transforming into a very spiritual emotional textWe have so many books based on the premise that such and such
conspiracy theory is 
theory is valid Here the theories are all ictitious it begins as a harmless game among three people determined to mock conspiracy theories and the obsession with Clawback finding hidden meaning through occultism The theory only becomes real because people begin believing in it they begin seeing meaning where before there was nothing no relationship Characters emerge ones we reamiliar with rom prior in the book who appear to have a part in this Plan and think it has been in operation or centuries These characters are in some ways created by their Sugar in the Raw: Voices of Young Black Girls in America fellow characters our protagonists Foucault s Pendulum is very meta authorial in that respect much like Sophie s WorldEco gives us an unreliable narrator so that we reorced to think critically about the story we re given and wonder how much is true and how much may be the Cooking for Company feverish imaginings of an unbalanced misguided mind The narrator is named Casaubon and I m very glad I read Middlemarch before reading this book Casaubon is sort of like his namesakerom Middlemarch who devotes his life to the syncretic task of unifying human myths In Foucault s Pendulum Casaubon and his riends Belbo and Diotallevi sift through the slush In Foucault s Pendulum Casaubon and his riends Belbo and Diotallevi sift through the slush conspiracy lunatics Diabolicals to compile a master theory a Plan spun around the Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China framework of the dissolution of the Knights Templar As they come to believe in the reality of their own Plan the world around them changes becomes darker and sinister All conflicts in this book even the external ones are ultimately internal createdrom our characters own imaginations The My Wife's Affair fact that some of these internal conflicts manifest externally through the antagonism of rivals like Colonel Ardenti or Agli gives the story plenty of variety In between we get glimpses of Belbo s childhood in rural Italy and Eco mentions both historical and contemporary Italian politics As an outsider Iound this part of the book Chicken, Chicken, Duck! fascinating since I m totally unfamiliar with Italian history or even how its citizens were affected by the rise ofascism and their time under Mussolini That s what I like so much about Eco he reminds me that I m steeped in my own ignorance but he doesn t condescend me Inspirations for it Instead heorces me to meet him on his intellectual levelOne thing that makes Foucault s Pendulum so transcendental is the act that it s rife with allusions to medieval and Enlightenment history and philosophy arcane rituals and religions and other esoteric and occult phenomena You d practically need a degree in these areas like Eco has to understand it all without a reference book I don t and I admit I got lost at times Almost every page is illed with this historical references particularly when Casaubon Belbo and Diotallevi are thick in their discussions of the Plan Consider that or a moment I got lost in the historical detail of of the Plan Consider that or a moment I got lost in the historical detail of book yet I m still giving it Slo Mo! five stars That s how good it is even itslaws are strengthsStill the tendency of this text toward tones academic will turn some people off the book It may not be or everyone If you ind yourself reading my review and thinking Hmm this sounds like it is right Pirates, Ships, and Sailors for me however don t wait Go out and get this book now Read it and then read it again I will some day because Foucault s Pendulum is one of those books where you need to read it through several times to grasp its complexity And every reading will be its own reward as reading should On la sensazione di aver compiuto un'esperienza necessaria È il grande libro sul vuoto di uesti anni e lo dichiara se appena uno sa leggere Ed è il duro metallico libro che insegna a vivere con uesto vuoto a diventare adulti nell'unico tempo concesso Severi no Cesari Il ManifestoIl pendolo è libro superiore al Nome della rosa pur se meno organico proprio in uanto vi si incontra anche un Eco che non è più ludico ma come dice Mondo 'ha messo in gioco tutto se stesso' Maria Corti L'Indic. On a credulous market the PlanFoucault s Pendulum becomes a novel about the invention and construction of a work of noniction that is actually ictitious perhaps one that even seeks to arrive at the truth through the painstaking reconstruction of a alse textThe work needs to have words and War Made New: Technology, Warfare, and the Course of History: 1500 to Today facts and connectionsLike the bond of a secret society the power of words emergesrom their connection Any A Boy in Winter fact becomes important when it s connected to another The connection changes the perspective it leads you to think that every detail of the world every voice every word written or spoken has than its literal meaning that it tells us of a Secret The rule is simple Suspect only suspect You can read subtexts even in a traffic sign that says No littering Invent Invent WildlyThe protagonists discover that their creative processollows certain apparently spontaneous rulesThe Frost at Midnight foundation stone is Concepts are connected by analogy There is no way to decide at once whether an analogy is good or bad because to some degree everything is connected to everything elseThat said readers are comfortable with the conventional with what they have heard before withacts with which they are already Princess Baby, Night-Night familiar The connections must not be original They must have been made before and the often the better by others Only then do the crossings seem true because they are obviousThe connections can be crazy as long as theacts are recognisedThe protagonists are urged to Invent invent wildly paying no attention to connections till it becomes impossible to summarizeTout se tient in the end If tout se tient in the end the connection works So it s right It s right because it worksThis concept and phrase is usually attributed to the semiotician Saussure In language every element connects to supports and is supported by every other elementYou can also see Eco s theories about how we read influencing not just his own novel but the Book the Plan that his protagonists are authoring Protagonists and SpectatorsThe characters level of participation and commitment to the project varies Belbo would never be a protagonist he decided to become instead an intelligent spectator He can t write The Pentagon Papers: Making History at the Washington Post fiction but he canabricate non Improbable Destinies: Fate, Chance, and the Future of Evolution fiction He also maintains a diary in which heictionalizes his past and presentIronically despite his lack of creative self confidence Belbo remains a major protagonist in Eco s novel Fear On a Cold Road: Tales of Adventure in Canadian Rock forced him to be brave Inventing he had created the principle of realityExistentialism Doubt and ConfidenceBelbo s realism resultsrom courage which in turn strengthens Casaubon s resolveCasaubon learns the real source of Belbo s lack of confidence an event in his childhood when he had to ill in or a trumpeter in an impromptu public performanceCasaubon concludes that there are or all of us certain decisive moments when we have to confront the essence of our character and ate How we deal with these moments determines the happiness in the rest of our livesThese moments don t necessarily have anything to do with God Fate or the supernatural Nor do they depend on the execution of Plans They do have to deal with self doubt and our inner reserves both of energy and of insightThese discoveries Nini force Casaubon to uestion his adherence to the principles of the Enlightenment including Cartesian Doubt I had always thought that doubting was a scientific duty but now I came to distrust the very masters who had taught me to doubtI devoted myself to Renaissance philosophers and I discovered that the men of secular modernity once they had emergedrom the darkness of the Middle Ages had ound nothing better to do than devote themselves to cabala and magicEat a PeachCasaubon has his own existential trumpet moment at the end of the novel when he must learn to play with the cards that Fate has dealt him yet like Belbo when he played the trumpet when I bit into the peach I understood the Kingdom and was one with itUltimately it s a moment that only the individual can handle We have to igure it out Flight, Vol. 7 for ourselves There is no Plan there is no Map Kill me then but I won t tell you there s no Map If you can tigure it out or yourself tough shitFoucault s Pendulum takes us on this journey with consummate intelligence traditional esoteric and pop cultural allusiveness literary skill and humour The Hollow ObeliskAFFECTIONATECasaubon s Last Letter to His Wife Lia Animula vagula blandula Hospes comesue corporis It hurts me to think I might not see you again It was all my ault I was seduced away rom you not by another woman but by another Other something I thought was beautiful because I was helping to construct itPeople are hungry or plans Camp Rex for cosmic solutions you said If you create one they ll descend on it like wolves If you make one they ll believe it It s just make believe Pow it s wrongYou always knew the book was superficial that it was aake that there was no truth contained between its covers But I made them all believe it had both truth and depth its covers But I made them all believe it had both truth and depth down I knew they desired what this book had to offer mystery secrecy answers certainty Even though once they had read it the mystery would dissipate and they would be left satisfied but empty with nothing left nothing new to strive or Neither grail nor uestMy audience was weak unlike you who are strong You don t need answers rom outside You ve ound them within In your own bodyOh I almost orgot you said I m pregnantI remember looking at you just before you told me You were caressing your belly your breasts even your ear lobes I was oblivious I couldn t understand these moves you were making I had always thought of you as so slim and supple Now I picture you as buxom rosy cheeked and healthy I should have realised that you were pregnant You were trying to solve my problem I was single minded about that You spoke confidently You radiated a serene wisdom You were luminous You illuminated both of us I realise now it might have been your maternal instinct a When Dads Don't Grow Up fledgling matriarchal authority that there were three of us present you me and Guilio and that you were speakingor all threeI know you will take good care of Guilio Please let him know I will always love him Little soul you charming little wanderer my body s guest and partner HadrianA Letter Miles from Kara from Lia to Guilio on the Occasion of His Thirteenth BirthdayMy dearest son Giulio yourather wasn t born a wise man but he died a wise man He didn t plan to be wise or to die when he did but in many ways it was the result of a Plan even if it wasn t only his PlanYour Pee Wee Scouts treasury (Pee Wee Scouts, father died when he was ready He died at peace He died as soon as he had attained peace He attained his peace wheninally he understood his place in the world He died when there was nothing left to learn and nothing left to understand By the time he died he had learned his place in the cosmos on this earth on this rock that is our homeYour ather Casaubon was a philosophical man In the end the wisdom that he had inally learned gave him great certainty and comfort You were a big part of it You gave him certainty and comfort he called you his philosopher s stone that s how much you meant to him but eually he hoped and knew that the wisdom he had gained would pass on to youThis is what he learned and what he wanted me to tell you on his behalf Having learned he wanted to teach youThere is no map There is no plan There is only life There is only us Your ather has gone already And one day when I am gone "There Will Only Be You "will only be you But you will have your wife and your children and each of them will be your philosophers stone Life will pass through your ather and me to you and then High Heat from you and your wife to your children These are the connections between usWhat yourather learned is no secret yet ew get to know it in their lives Too many people look without success or secrets or profundity or inspiration Life is only as complicated as you make it Happiness is an open secret it s within you it s in your soul and all you have to do is open itI know how happy you have become how happy you are I am so proud of you and I know your ather would be too We are grateful to you our son or the happiness you have given us and those who surround youSOUNDTRACKBeth Orton Sweetest DeclineShe weaves secrets in her hairThe whispers are not hers to shareShe s deep as a wellShe s deep as a wellWhat s the use in regretsThey re just things we haven t done yetWhat are regretsThey re just lessons we haven t learned yetBeth Orton M Ward Buckets Of M Ward Buckets of Bob Dylan cover Cale I Keep A Close Watch video is an hilarious juxtaposition of lyrics and imagery just like the noveldEUS Nothing Really EndsThe plan it wasn t much of a planI just started walkingI had enough of this old townAnd nothing else to doIt was one of those. I una linea critico teorica che ha continuato a maturare nell'arco di trent'anni Antonio Porta Corriere della SeraDa uando ho cominciato a leggere Il pendolo di Foucault non sono più uscito di casa ho per così dire sospeso la vita Ferdinando Camon Il GiornoIl messaggio del suo libro se letto come bisogna A treatise on the law of marital rights in Texas fare come un libro sui misteri dellaine del XX secolo potrebbe anche voler dire che la storia da lui raccontata non è ancora inita Alberto Asor Rosa la RepubblicaSi chiude il libro Imagine three sarcastic over educated editors who work at a vanity publisher Owing to their occupation they naturally end up reading an abundance of books about ridiculously grand conspiracy theories and occult societies the Freemasons the Templars the Rosicrucians the Illuminati Bavarian and otherwise and so on So they start to play a sort of Lots of Hearts free association game Let s connect all these things using the same half mad logic as the authors of these books into one grand design Thus The Plan is bornBut they re too good at it The Plan starts to get awayrom them After so long immersed in the dream logic of conspiracy theories you can orm seemingly natural and ominous connections between any pair of things So when strange and ominous things do happen when the pieces seem to sta PLAYFULAn Opening GambolWhile I irst read this novel in 2009 I bought a second hand copy in May 2013 Why Diets Make Us Fat: The Unintended Consequences of Our Obsession with Weight Loss for 7 which I thought was a bargain priceor the degree of pleasure it s given meOnly when I was half way through did I notice a sheet of white paper slipped into the last pagesIt shows Don't Hex with Texas four hand drawn circles each of which contains the name of a city and a number If the numbers represent years they cover 21 years If you add 2 and 1 you get the number 3 If you examine the gaps between the years you get the numbers 11 4 and 6 If you add these numbers you get 21 which when added together comes to 3 If you add 1 1 4 and 6 you get 12 which when added comes to 3 If the numbers are not years and you add them together you get 8015 If you add these numbers you get 14 and if you add 1 and 4 you get 5 If you add 3 and 5 you get 8 which is exactly twice the number of circles on the sheetHere is a photo of the sheetI ve been back to the bookshop where I bought my copy but the owner wasn t able to remember who she had bought the bookromI m not sure how many of these cities get mentioned in the novel all but Madrid as it turns out unless I m mistaken However I ve since discovered the ollowing acts with the assistance of Professor GooglewikiManchester is the home of the Manchester Unity of Odd Fellows in England Black Women Writers (1950-1980): A Critical Evaluation from which some Rosicrucian Orders derive their charterMadrid is the home of Gran Logia AMORC Jurisdicci n de Lengua Espa ola para Europa Africa y AustralasiaThe Rosicrucian Order Christian Order of the Hermetic Gold RoseCross is based in Los AngelesIn Paris the Temple was a medievalortress located in what is now the 3rd arrondissement The Knights Templar originally constructed it as their European headuartersIf you have any ideas about the significance of this sheet of paper please message me or post them in the comments below with a spoiler warning Alternatively please send them with a stamped addressed envelope containing US20 processing Pajama Party fee plus any gratuity you are happy with to my home addressIf you re theirst to work out some sort of solution that convinces me of its authenticity I ll post a photo of something that might absolutely amaze you PS Brian s hypothesis has convinced meHow Foucault s Pendulum Works Maybe1 Imagine the Earth is a perfectly spherical hollow ball it is you know or is it2 Imagine that a steel cable 6371 kilometers long is attached to the bottom side of the North Pole This is or less the radius of the Earth3 Imagine that a really bloody heavy lead bob is attached to the end of the cable4 Let s imagine that the Earth isn t tilted off its axis5 Let s say we re sitting underground on a couch somewhere north of the Euator and we drag the cable and bob over to the inside of the sphere then we let it go so that it starts swinging through the centre of the Earth and over to the other side6 Let s assume that the bob swings in the one plane a constant relative to the space outside the sphere of the Earth eg as measured relative to the stars6 Let s try to do this very carefully just in case it swings back to exactly where we re sitting on the couch7 But it doesn t See steps 10 and 118 Let s assume that the bob swings so uickly that it takes an hour to swing back to the side it started ie a complete cycle9 Let s assume that the Earth is rotating once every 24 hours it is you know or is it10 Every hour the earth moves 15 degrees around its own 360 cycle 360 degrees24 hours 15 degrees11 By the time the bob returns to our side of the Earth it touches the inside of the sphere 15 degrees away Bunco Babes Tell All from our couch12 Repeat another 23 times and the bob comesull circle and smashes our couch13 Fortunately it doesn t smash us as well because by now we understand how Foucault s Pendulum works and we got off the couch just in time14 If we map the path of the bob it will look something like this except that there would be 24 repetitions instead of eight 15 If we mapped 24 repetitions the map would look like a rose Hence in mathematics this type of map is referred to as a rose or rhodonea curve and each half of a repetition Every Day by the Sun: A Memoir of the Faulkners of Mississippi from the circumference to the centre is called a petal16 Hence in Foucault s Pendulum Umberto Eco takes usrom The Name of the Rose to The Shape of the Rose17 It is possible that everything I ve said to you so Bringing the Outside In far isalseSERIOUSThe uest or HappinessFoucault s Pendulum is at once a Post Modernist and an Existentialist novelUmberto Eco s ocus is not just Religion It s any orm of ideology Fascism the Resistance God SocialismFor Eco these ideologies or belief systems are Fixed Points that determine our relationship with the cosmosWhile individual lives might be relatively chaotic in constant motion the belief systems are supposed to ix and secure our relationship with the universe They create orderThe vehicles through which the novel explores these issues are the Word the Book the Manifesto the Strategy the Plan even the Five Year PlanAll of these things exist because we don t uite know what we need or want We re not yet happy nor do we really know how to get happy Each one is an apparatus which is offered to us to help in our uest Close to Hugh for happinessThe Credulity of the Non BelieverEco loosely uotes GK Chesterton asollows When men stop believing in God it isn t *that they then believe in nothing they believe in everythingThere is some uncertainty about the actual origin and wording * they then believe in nothing they believe in everythingThere is some uncertainty about the actual origin and wording this uotation I wondered whether it had simply been translated rom English to Italian and then back to English without checking the original However the accurate version of it is When people stop believing in God they don t believe in nothing they believe in anythingFilling the VoidReligion maintains that God exists everywhere Toy to Toy (Disney/Pixar Toy Story 3) for us and that the void does not exist However its opponents acknowledge that there is a void but argue that it should not exist A void had been created and it has to beilledWhat is to be doneSomehow the Book whether or not it contains the Holy Word has become the vehicle with which to Charity fill the void create meaning document beliefs and practices and address the need to be happyEsotericaMajor Religions have their own Holy Book However side by side with them are heretical esoteric and occult works that cater to the same needManyraternities and orders have grown up around these books I wonder what proportion of the members are emale Their members derive order rom their order In the case of the military orders the members also get from their order In the case of the military orders the members also get orders Catch and Release: Trout Fishing and the Meaning of Life from their orderTo the extent that these books and beliefs have been perceived as heretical or threatening by mainstream religious institutions a culture of secrecy has grown up around them hence the term secret societiesThe Mystery DanceThere is often a sense in which some level of mystery and imprecision needs to be preserved The Templars mental confusion makes them indecipherableBecause heretical beliefs are erroneous in the eyes of the Church Eco implies that error is almost a secondary issue within esoterica An error can be the unrecognised bearer of truth True esotericism does notear contradictionWhat s important is the uestion and the mystery as opposed to the answer and the certaintyA secret remains enchanting until it has been revealed at which point it has been emptied of enchantmentEco even speculates that the secret might be that there is no secret as long as those outside the order believe those inside know something they don t knowSecrecy is important than the substance of the secret Perhaps what is most valuable is the bond between the members of the orderThe secret might simply be the ramework or glue that initially connects them Once the order is in place it can survive of its own accord A Post Modernist PrankThe Post Modern aspects of the novel derive rom the narrative in which its three protagonists Casaubon Belbo and Diotallevi resolve to Road Map to Holland: How I Found My Way Through My Son's First Two Years with Down Syndrome fabricate a work of esoterica so that a specialist publisheror which they work can capitalize. Uesto romanzo magico sulla magia uesto romanzo misterioso sul segreto e sulla creatività della inzione uesto romanzo tumultuoso uesto romanzo luminoso su un mondo sotterraneo Jacues Le Goff L'Espresso come in un ricchissimo Alice nel paese delle meraviglie per adulti che hanno conservato le angosce dell'infanzia Furio Colombo La StampaSono convinto che un giudizio serio su uest'opera che è comunue straordinaria anche a prima lettura può essere dato sol se tien conto della continuità ,
Il pendolo di Foucault