And 28 on a estionnaire and how they ended p at the Tule Lake internment camp There is also a discussion of Tule Lake internment camp There is also a discussion of call
for volunteers and how AJAs from Hawaii volunteered than did AJAs from the US which is not volunteers and how AJAs from Hawaii volunteered than did AJAs from the US which is not considering they and their families were in internment campsMay 1943 Assistant Secretary of War McCloy says there is no longer any military necessity for the continued exclusion of all Japanese from the evacuated zone Still the internees were not free to return and were not wantedThe book points out that in the six months after Pearl Harbor Nazi subs sunk 185 ships off the East and Gulf Coasts of the US yet there was no cry to intern persons of German ancestry in the Eastern USFDRs plan was basically to disperse the persons of Japanese "ancestry throughout the United States and not allow them to remain "throughout the United States and not allow them to remain on the West Coast Thus the internment program was actually partially a social program to force the relocation of an entire race of people This could have been planned to help them assimilate or it could have been planned as a means of destroying the nity of the Japanese American community with the eventual goal of phasing out that communityOne reason for not allowing the internees to return earlier to the West Coast was that there was an election year and FDR didn t want to stir From Mistress to Wifey up any political on the West Coast by releasing the internees and allowing them to return to their former homesProblems arose when there was an effort to draft some of the internees This caused a lot of personal difficulties Here they were lockedp behind barbed wire their homes gone their jobs gone and they were expected to respond positively to an order to fight and maybe die for the country that was denying them their rights as American citizens The men would have to decide whether to go along with the draft or refuse to and take the conseuencesThe book then goes into a lot of detail about the 100th Battalion and their fighting in Europe The book is worth buying just for this section aloneIn November of 1944 the American Lesion post in Hood River Oregon erased the names of sixteen Japanese American soldiers from a memorial honoring servicemen from the area The move was denounced by the Secretary of War Stimson who called it wholly inconsistent with American ideals of democracy The commander of the Salinas Valley American Legion said We don t want Japanese here and we said so bluntly in a recent resolution There appears nothing we can do about it however Within the first five months after the announcement that the relocation centers would be closed incidents of violence against returning Japanese Americans had reached such proportions that Secretary Ickes issued a public statement denouncing the perpetrators and demanding effective protection for the returning evacuees The East Coast on the other hand was much open to the returning of the evacuees and the 442nd got a hero s welcome in New York City I picked Disney Infinity: Character Encyclopedia up this book because I wanted to read about the Japanese American fightingnits in WW2 I had heard about. Or its ties to a foreign country A worldwide conflict tests our resolve in combat abroad and our commitment
READ Just Americans How Japanese Americans Won a War at Home and AbroadAn important read to better nderstand our Legacy Our Present And Our our present and our It should be remembered that just last year the Supreme Court rebuked its 1944 decision finding the internment of Koremats In October 1944 there were four companies of a Texas Division of soldiers who were stranded in eastern France behind enemy lines They were without reinforcements or supplies but they ended p being rescued by the 442nd Regimental Combat Team which was composed of Nisei men of Japanese ancestryThe 442nd had participated in seven major campaigns in Italy and received seven Presidential Distinguished Unit citations and suffered 9486 casualties and awarded 18143 individual decorations all within a period of less than two yearsTheir motto was Go For Broke More than 22500 Japanese Americans served in the Army in WWII 18000 of them in segregated Smitten units most of the restsed in the Pacific theater as translatorsKeep in mind though that this was at a time when many of their families were being kept behind barbed wire in internment camps on the US mainland The people had not been charged with any crime yet their rights were taken away from them and they were basically treated like criminalsOnce Pearl Harbor was attacked things changed radically for the persons of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii but not as radically as those who lived on the West Coast Lt Gen Delos Emmons the military commander of the islands considered evacuation and relocation of the persons of Japanese ancestry living in Hawaii but instead of making a ick decision he talked to others and realized that evacuation and relocation wasn t necessary or practicalThe main thing was that the persons of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii were integrated into the American culture than were those living on the West Coast The reason for that deals mainly with prejudice the AJA Americans of Japanese Ancestry who lived in Hawaii did not have to deal with anywhere near the level of prejudice Those On The West on the West did The AJAs in Hawaii formed about a third of the population and they were major factors in the economics of Hawaii The AJAs on the West Coast though had been disliked and hated for years they white farmers were jealous of how successful the AJA farmers were and the so called community leaders often took strong anti AJA stands along with the newspapersSo the AJAs on the West Coast were never really given a chance to fully integrate into the larger American society while those in Hawaii were able toOn May 28 1942 Emmons was ordered to reorganize Japanese American soldiers into the 298th and 299th provisional battalions The groups a week later had sailed to San Francisco where they were then called the 100th battalion and then shipped to Wisconsin for trainingThe book also describes the differences between the AJAs from Hawaii the Buddhaheads and the AJAs from the mainland the kotonks The two groups did not get along at all well at first They had rather different cultures that tended to clashThe book also talks about the no no s caused by the controversial estions 27. A sneak attack by an enemy power leaves thousands of Americans dead A minority group in America is harassed Them being the most decorated nits in WW2 and recently finished Ken Burns s documentary on WW2 which featured them and included interview
clips with the late Senator Daniel Inouye who was part of it And just lastwith the late Senator Daniel Inouye who was part of it And just last I spent two days at the WW2 Museum in New Orleans and saw them mentioned So when I saw this book at my library I grabbed it While it does touch on the military exploits of the nit particularly their rescue of the Lost Battalion in the Vosges Mountains of France it spends time "dealing with the politics and repercussions of FDR s Executive Order 9066 "with the politics and repercussions of FDR s Executive Order 9066 authorized the American military and allowed FDR some political cover to force Japanese Americans from their homes and into concentration camps We sually see them called internment camps because of the negative connotations of what the Germans were also doing at the time but they were concentration camps pure and simpleThe order was supported by the ACLU of all people and declared legal by the Supreme Court in Korematsu vs United States in 1944 FDR had appointed EIGHT justices to the Supreme Court during his tenure The court has a total of nine justices so all but one were his appointees Six of his appointees sided with his executive order The Court s decision is widely considered one of the most shameful decisions in its history along with Dred Scott vs Sanford in 1857The books closes with an appendix that discusses the moral and legal ramifications of the order as well as stating the fact that after some time it was really just a massive social engineering experiment on the part of a progressive experiment It also discusses present day revisionist history that essentially has conservatives and progressives flip flopping positions on it with conservatives trying to justify it and progressives denouncing it although their side was behind it The author goes through a brief history of the civil rights movement and the current day identity politics in an attempt to explain this shiftThe books is worth reading for this appendix alone While the book was not what exactly what I was looking for I was fascinated and learned a lot I recommend it Wow This is one of the best books that I have read in a very long time While their families were put into camps and denied basic human rights the men of the 100th Battalion and the 442 Regimental Combat Team fought for the US in Italy and France Their heroism can best be summed p from the book itselfIn less than two years of World War II the 442nd had participated in seven major campaigns in Italy and France received seven Presidential Distinguished Unit Citations and suffered 9486 causalities according to the Selective Service System and was awarded 18143 individual decorations As Gen Mark Clark commander of the Fifth Army to which the 442nd was attached in Italy pointed out this was the record of a Lay My Burden Down unit whose original strength was about 3500 men pg 5 The author is angry fors I think he could have let the facts speak for themselves If you don t get that these acts were despicable then telling you won t likely hel. O justice euality and liberty at homeListen to Just Americans on your smartphone notebook or desktop computer.