Ex. African Americans have had an ambivalent relationship with the Constitution for than two hundred years Throughout most of American history racist interpretations of the Constitution have sanctioned a legal system supportive of slavery marked blacks as inferiors rendered Constitution have sanctioned a legal system supportive of slavery marked blacks as inferiors rendered politically powerless and denied them justice and sanctioned a legal system supportive of slavery marked blacks as inferiors rendered them politically powerless and denied *them justice and to society's resources Yet both black and white opponents *justice and to society's resources Yet both black and white opponents slavery and racial subordination from antebellum abolitionists to twentieth century civil rights leaders have found principles in the Constitution.
Donald G. Nieman ë 6 SummaryLen. N constitutionalism and using it to press a reluctant nation to honor its long deferred promise of euality Compact lively and readable Promises to Keep illuminates the past and offers a fresh perspective on the current debate over civil rights showing how it too often ignores the tragic history of law and how it too often ignores the tragic history of law and in America This is the first volume of Bicentennial Essays on the Bill of Rights an important series co sponsored by the Organization of American Historians and Oxford University Press under the eneral editorship of Kermit L Hal. ,
Cel. That support their *DEMANDS FOR FREEDOM CITIZENSHIP AND EUALITY IN PROMISES TO *FOR FREEDOM CITIZENSHIP AND EUALITY IN PROMISES TO freedom citizenship and euality In Promises to Donald G Nieman tells the story of this paradoxical relationship tracing it from the birth of the Republic
To Current Battles Overcurrent battles over segregation voting rights and affirmative action While Nieman examines the devastating effects of constitutionally sanctioned racism on the lives of African Americans he also shows how blacks and their white allies have been active agents of constitutional change since the early nineteenth century forging an egalitaria.