The power of nationalism is that it calls to the part of us that doesn t want to accept being ordinary It tells people that doesn t want to accept being ordinary It tells people they are descended from greatness that they have been genetically endowed with something special something passed down to them over the generations It attaches them to origin stories that have existed for hundreds of years soaking into their subconscious obscuring truth Simply outstanding Inferior How Science Got Women Wrong and the New Research That
s Rewriting the Story was also fantastic but I think Saini has outdone herself hereThis is above all a ournalist s Rewriting the Story was also fantastic but
I Think Saini Has Outdone Herself HereThis Is Above All think Saini has outdone herself hereThis is above all ournalist s on what is happening right now Race science never left it was never gone but it is having a resurgence today Maybe most some scientists have good intentions but the language they use the beliefs and biases they bring to their research all of it has real life conseuences This is what happens when researchers have already made their conclusions through an upbringing full of society s social conditioning to believe that some races are inferior to others before they have the evidence If you see the genetic markers today that are found in western Europe people will see those in the past and continue referring to them as western European even if they re then also found in Siberia It s another example of an indexing problem when the first available body of evidence influences subseuent thinking Western researchers tend to have access to European data because it s on their doorstep so later discoveries elsewhere in the world are often interpreted relative to these Saini beautifully and effectively explains why race is not a biological category but a social cultural and political one Scientists insistence to study race as biological has done extreme harm throughout history First as Saini explains racial difference was believed to be in the blood while today many believe that it is genetic As Saini freuently stresses there are far genetic variations within a race than there are between individuals of supposedly different races There is a constant determination within some sectors of the scientific community that eventually they will find their proof of racial difference that it ll be when the next form of technology comes into use and the next and the nextAnd this results in a society like this Americans cling to the idea of black exceptionalism when it comes to health may be that in some way the idea lets society off the hook It places the blame for ineuality at the foot of biology If poor health today is intrinsic to black bodies and nothing to do with racism it s no one s fault It says it s not our organisation of society that s somehow unfair or unjust or discriminatory It s not that we treat people badly It s not that we give people worse life chances he says It s ust that these people have some genetic defect and it s Confessions of an Air Ambulance Doctor just the way they are It s disturbing and dispiriting but Saini s collected evidence shows we cannot ignore this phenomenon any long Race science was never history It s still alive and here todayOverall a fascinating readable and stellar read Everyone and anyone should read this book Above all it s important reminder to check your beliefs and check your sources This book isn t written from a neutral perspective and doesn t discuss the scientific research in detail Or even is up to date with latest genetic research and information It was always going to be difficult to follow Angela Saini s hugely popular Inferior but with Superior she has pulled it off notust in the content but by upping the uality of the writing to a whole new level Where Inferior looked at the misuse of science in supporting sexism and the existence of sexism in science Superior examines the way that racism has been given a totally unfoun A good overview of the history of race science I studied a lot of the earlier documents for my own research and they Mr. Jelly's Business just sounded like such a ridiculous and desperate attempt toustify racial hierarchies Unfortunately this garbage science is coming back in the form of I testing and DNA science The best part of this book was when she covered David Reich s research I would suggest going straight to the source if you re interested His book Who we are and how we got here is excellent Politically correct but scientifically unsound This book drew a lot of attention recently in which the author suggests that the use of race in biologicalmedical research is due to widespread racism For example in Chapter 1 she argues that Out of Africa theory is invented by Europeans and Nazis wanted to prove superiority of Aryan race This is fal. An astute and timely examination of the re emergence of scientific research into racial differences Superior tells the disturbing story of the persistent thread of belief in biological racial differences in the world of scienceAfter the horrors of the Nazi regime in WWII the mainstream scientific world turned its back on eugenics and the study of racial difference But a worldwide network of unrepentant eugenicists uietly founded ournals and funded research providing the kind of shoddy studies that were ultimately cited in Richard Hernstein's and Charl.
review Ù E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ó Angela SainiAl media dominated fake news society Sinha s uote refers particularly to religious extremists but effectively demonstrates the kind of sentiment that underlies the science and ways of thinking that the book works to demolish That backwards system which starts with ideology and then looks for evidence to support it Race is not about genetics biological difference it is a social cultural political construct It w Outstanding examination of race science aka racism pretending to be objectivity Extraordinarily good in how deep it goes covering the intersection of science with history culture and politics and showing how very deeply rooted the tendrils are Written with remarkable calm and objectivity which makes the final shout of rage all the powerful It goes into excellent detail about the resurgence of scientific racism in recent years as well as laying out the foolishness of the thinking but also its pervasiveness even in people who would think they know better and call themselves anti racist Essential reading and I don t say that lightly This is a ournalistic account of race science where both terms race and science are scrutinised with a sharp eye Saini is uite up front with her own stance that there s no genetic or biological support for racial difference beyond the merest superficialities such as skin pigmentation Driven by the re emergence of the most pernicious ideologies that many of us thought had been exposed for what they are by the Holocaust and other race based genocides
Of The C20th Thisthe C20th this an interesting look at the history of race science and the role it still plays in academic research today
"However Contested And ControversialSaini "contested and controversialSaini a relaxed writer always accessible and with a sense of humour that is light but with Gökyüzü Mavi Kaldı just the right level of suppressed snarkiness witness the anecdote of the geneticist who proclaims that he s discovered the chop stick using gene in Chinese people Well we laugh but of course it s not much of aump to go from Chinese people are biologically pre determined to use chopsticks to insidious and horrific claims about racialised intelligence racial hierarchies ustifications for slavery the creation of race based underclasses and we re soon back at those looming gas ovens of Auschwitz What is most dispiriting about this book is the extent to which highly educated scientists at the heart of the academe in both Europe and the US can cling to old views of racialised genetic predermination and race fate in the face of an almost complete lack of biological evidence for racial difference in humans It s an important point of course but one which perhaps gets slightly repetitive in this book But perhaps it needs to There are some horribly disconcerting moments such *As When We Realise *when we realise Maria Stopes favoured eugenics to stop the wrong kind of people from giving birth in favour of so called racial progress or that the legendary James Watson of Crick and Watson fame was openly racist and sexist and believed that cultural ualities such as Jewish intelligence in the example given is genetically pre determined It s impossible not to snigger at some of the desperate manoeuvers of race scientists in the 1920s when Greeks Italians and other southern Europeans were being stigmatised as having sub par intelligence one scientist claimed that artists such as Dante Raphael Titian Michelangelo and da Vinci were clearly Nordic as apparently was Jesus A high point too is Saini s digging behind the story from 2018 when the mummy of so called Cheddar Man was discovered and offered the opportunity to profile an ancient Briton to the horror of many not least the UK right wing press Cheddar Man turns out to have been black not white Which considering the fact that humans all migrated out of Africa is hardly surprising Light or white skin is an evolutionary development as ancient humans who migrated to less sunny northern Europe needed to maximise absorption of Vitamin D from the sun So much then for all the Brexit associated nostalgia for a mythic white England And of course that s both the point of the book and why it s so important this isn t a light hearted review of old done and dusted attitudes this is about now it s about Brexit and Trump it s about blacklivesmatter it s about the alt right appropriating and mis using science it s about respected scientists and scientific institutions themselves though a marginal number it must be stressed still trying to find the elusive biological basis for race and differentiation and all that follows along with it Many thanks to HarperCollins 4th Estate for an ARC via NetGalle. Itted to accommodate race Even as our understanding of highly complex traits like intelligence and the complicated effect of environmental influences on human beings from the molecular level on up grows the hope of finding simple genetic differences between races to explain differing rates of disease to explain poverty or test scores or to ustify cultural assumptions stubbornly persistsAt a time when racialized nationalisms are a resurgent threat throughout the world Superior is a powerful reminder that biologically we are all far alike than different. Se Hitler made alliances with Muslims from the Middle east against Jews The Third Reich was anti Semitic If Hitler was really a racist he would have invaded Africa In fact many SS officers who went to live in Egypt after the war became Muslims and followed Islamic practices The author is also in error when she reminds readers that races correspond to arbitrary divisions of population variation that are politically and economically useful The fact is that there are heritable characteristics that allow us to divide into a set of races in such a way that all the members share traits and tendencies with each other that they do not share with members of any other race These traits and tendencies are viewed as race Natural barriers such as oceans eg the Atlantic deserts eg the Sahara and mountain ranges eg the Himalayas impeded gene flow between different populations for substantial periods of time When there is limited gene flow between populations that have come under different selection pressures we would expect them to gradually diverge from one another over via the processes of genetic drift and natural selection Races therefore correspond to human populations that have been living in relative isolation from one another under different regimes of selection This means that racial categories identify real phenotypic differences and reflect
Real Genetic Variation Naturalgenetic variation Natural began to classify humans into different races because they looked different from one another These differences reflect their divergent geographical origins But the most controversial area of race science is research into population differences in cognitive ability Chimpanzees share the distinction of being our closest living relative which share
About 99% Of Our Genes99% of our genes uniue collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences geneticists historians archaeologists and linguists found a common ground about the origins of modern human beings including the common origins of languages from an ancient language called Indo European language Europeans today are a mix of the blending of at least three ancient populations of hunter gatherers and farmers who moved into Europe in separate migrations Modern human beings arose some 200000 years ago and for 190000 years they we were all dark skinned reflecting the origins from Africa Caucasians are the product of a work of evolution across Europe while scientist have discovered three genes that produce light skin they have played a part in the lightening of Europeans skin color and the color of the eye over the past 8000 years The process of skin lightening known as depigmentation occurred due to a series of mutations in one particular gene called SCL24A5Euating hereditarian claims with racism is illogical and irresponsible Many of the ideas that Saini classifies as scientific racism are empirical claims Besides race is not a social construct but nationalism and regionalism are certainly social constructs She uses false arguments to fit her theory This is a blatant abuse of scientific data to write a politically correct fable Her conclusions are inaccurate I would recommend staying away from this apologue Poor book despite it s heart being in the right place does to damage the thesis she presents by not credibly engaging with the academics she interviews I think she is a bit out of her depth perhaps as broadcast The Sun Shines Over the Sanggan River journalist she is used to the once over lightly feel good style ofournalism that this comes across as Did not finish Having grown up as part of an ethnic minority group in London during the 1980s and 90s Angela Saini has first hand experience of the racism which was rife during these decades Unfortunately after being heavily discredited race science has slowly and insidiously crept back into public discourse over the past 50 70 years During her formative years the murder of Stephen Lawrence in close proximity to her childhood home had a big impact on her and what really stuck in her mind was the difference between someone white being murdered and a black individual it was obvious that fewer resources and time were dedicated to an ethnic minority individual to those who were white But was this due to scientific or societal issuesThis childhood experience precipitated Saini s intense interest in the subject of race racial bias and matters surrounding it and this is an essential and exceptional work which rebuts the idea of racism as a biological issue rather than a social one There is a kind of will to truth We will make this be the truth if we try hard enough Subir SinhaOh how this resonates in our soci. Es Murray's 1994 title The Bell Curve which purported to show differences in intelligence among racesIf the vast majority of scientists and scholars disavowed these ideas and considered race a social construct it was still an idea that managed to somehow make its way into the research into the human genome that began in earnest in the mid 1990s and continues today Dissecting the statements and work of contemporary scientists studying human biodiversity most of whom claim to be THIEME Atlas of Anatomy: Head and Neuroanatomy just following the data Saini shows us how again and again science is retrof.