Needed to have sufficient wealth to not have to work and to be ready for war and efense of the polis Commerce was necessary and tolerated including the purchase of grain to feed everybody but neither merchants nor craftsmen were citizens For the heads of household to engage in commerce was seen as placing them in competition which could interfere with their cooperation and readiness for warNow what about grain I ve just read a fourth of the Muller book and so far he has made no general pronouncement about grain but it has come up in medieval times and again in the 18th century Gratian s Decretum a 12th century collection of thousands of texts and a basis of canon law for the church specifically included grain traders among the ranks of usurers In the 18th century the most sensitive uestion of economic policy was that of what the government s role should be in policing the supply of grain per Muller p 94 according to the 18th century economic thinkers he s reporting on so far government actions had a paradoxical effect that is made grain expensive In the late 18th century there had been poor harvests so that the price of grain went up leading to rural unrest and popular passions against those who traded in foodstuffs Why should traders be allowed to profit from hunger and the fact that people were in need Why shouldn t low cost grain be Cards Of Alchemy distributed or prices be controlledIf most peopleon t understand the role of the market in the istribution of foodstuffs then according to Edmund Burke for example one role of the intellectual in politics is to combat popular prejudice in matters economic and to advise legislators to stand up to short term political and moral pressures when they threaten long term national economic interests p 117Note of 04142014 I missed a major aspect of what Muller The Mind and the Market was getting at in the section I referenced in the above paragraph Muller was meaning to show Burke s conservatism relative to Adam Smith Burke looked with suspicion on the motivations of the common man He thought that class fear envy and ignorance would lead them against their own long term interests to interfere with the freedom of the market He privileged the existing aristocratic class as a pillar of society He thought it was the role of the intellectual to educate the established powers on the free market which he sometimes spoke of in religious tonesAs my husband explained to me in very simple terms in times of food shortages the price of grain oes go up but if there were no merchants and no grain had been stored there would be no grain or very little so instead of just being costly it would be beyond expensive that is pricelessGrain merchants who succeed have to learn a lot to Purely Academic do so and they take a risk losing money in years of plentiful harvests Governmentson t have that same incentive to success They can t be the middlemen themselves or can t be very good ones My husband also remembered recurrent reports of the Soviet Union s not being able to feed its citizensBack to The Hare with Amber Eyes Charles Joachim Ephrussi had masterminded this expansion from Odessa in the 1850s A true patriarch he had two sons from his first marriage And then when he remarriedhe continued producing children Odessa was a city within the Pale of Settlement the area on the western borders of imperial Russia in which Jews were allowed to live It wasa magnet for the impoverished Jewish shtetls of Galicia It was also a city that The Academic Job Search Handbook doubled its population of Jews and Greeks and Russians everyecade a polyglot city full of speculation and traders the The Hawaiian Islands Their Resources, Agricultural, Commercial and Financial docks full of intrigues and spies a city on the make Charles Joachim Ephrussi had transformed a small grain trading business into a huge enterprise by cornering the market in buying wheat He bought the grain from the middlemen who transported it on carts from the rich black soil of the Ukrainian wheat fields the greatest wheat fields in the world into the port of Odessa Here the grain was stored in his warehouses before being exported across the Black Sea up the Danube across the MediterraneanBy 1860 the family had become the greatest grain exporters in the worldThe masterplan was to build on this network of contacts and finance huge capital projects Ephrussi et Cie would change from being a very successful commodity trading house into an international finance house It would become a bank And each helpfuleal struckwould be a step toward even greater respectability a step further from those wagons of wheat creaking in from the Ukraine pp 24 25And how was this spun It wasn t just Renoir who UNCOMMON GROUND: Archaeology and Early African America 1650-1800 disliked the Jews A string of financial scandals throughout the 1880s were laid at theoor of the new Jewish financiers and the Ephrussi family was a particular target The popular Alien n Outlaw Galactic Alliance demagogue Edouard Drumont wrote in La France juive The audicity with which these men treat these enormous operations which for them are just simple game parties is incredible In one session Michel Ephrussi buys or sells oil or wheat worth ten or fifteen millions No troubleMoney is seen to be a bagatelle to these Jewish money men implies Drumont a plaything It has no connection to the savings carefully taken into the bank on marketay or hidden in the coffee pot on the mantlepieceIt is a vivid image of covert power of plotting It has the intention of Degas s painting At the Bourse of a whispered conversation between hook nosed red bearded financiers amongst the pillars The Bourse and its players segue into the Temple and the moneychangers Who shall stop these men from living then who shall soon make France look like a wasteland thenit is the speculator in foreign wheat it is the Jewthe favorite of all the salons of the aristocratic uarter it is Ephrussi the chief of the Jewish band who speculate on wheat Speculation the making of money out of money is seen as a particular Jewish sin pp 90 91This addendum on trading in grain represents my effort to better understand the targeting of the Ephrussis and others that was escribed in The Hare with Amber Eyes After the first few pages I was wondering whether this wa going to be one I would have to
wade through asthrough as noble act of bookclub fidelity However its like a walk up a mountain where you are straining up a hill panting and feeling its your uty and then suddenly you brow the hill and there opening out before you is this great vista and you get a second wind and off you go at a cracking pace This is exactly what happened with this really clever concept Edmund e Waal a potter traces the history
of 264 netsuke small japanese ornaments made from various woods and stones264 netsuke small japanese ornaments made from various woods and stones their purchase by one of his ancestors in the 1870 s through their journey to Paris Vienna Tunbridge Wells on to a return to Japan and then back to their final resting place in London The 120 years or so of their possession by the Ephrussi family corresponds to the families journey from fabulously wealthy bankers forming alliances and business eals which involve massive amounts of money and floating in social circles involving the Emperor of the Austro Hungarian Empire and assorted high related royals and politicians to the hideous reversal of fortunes with the anschluss the arrival of Hitler and the betrayal of the family along with all the other jewish men women and the arrival of Hitler and the betrayal of the family along with all the other jewish men women and who had been so useful in some situations but now necessary as the traditional scapegoatEdmund e Waal has a simple techniue of relating his family history through their relationship to these small ornaments Each one tells a story but each one s story is incomplete open ended His family history shows that The ornaments rest in a cupboard in Paris fabulously wealthyhere they are complete but no they are sent as a wedding present to an eually wealthy austrian branch of the family Here they rest in a beautiful showcase their journey endedno the horror of viennese pogroms threaten them as it estroyed the family And saved by the maid servant they move on again but as a perfect symbol of the family s implosion they move from their enthronement in walnut glass and velvet to their hiding place inside a servant s straw mattress After the war she hands them back to surviving members of the family a small fragment almost all that is left of the ridiculous wealth enjoyed by this family prior to their undoing by the foul action of the Nazis Nevertheless one small side of me is saddened by the fact that the evotion and fidelity of the servant who at risk of her own life preserves this wealth is just accpeted by the family as their right The cruelty and egradation perpetrated on the family in the 1930 s and 40 s was monstrous but prior to that the family themselves struck me as heartless egocentric libertines Living lives of wasteful opulence and insensitive gluttony They Alien Husband Alien Bride did noteserve the terror of course but perhaps their servants and those who saw their flaunting of their wealth The Violent Stepfather 2 did noteserve their poverty either and the family seem uite unable to acknowledge that and indeed the gratitude that they owe to the loyalty of their servants. Eir world beyond recognition Ephrussi and his cosmopolitan family were imprisoned or scattered and Hitler’s theorist on the “Jewish uestion” appropriated their magnificent palace on the Ringstrasse A library of priceless books and a collection of Old Master paintings were confiscated by the Nazis But the netsuke were smuggled away by a loyal maid Anna and hidden in her straw mattress Years after the war she would find a way to return them to the family she’d served even in their exileIn The Hare with Amber Eyes Edmund e Waal unfolds the story of a remarkable family and a tumultuous century Sweeping yet intimate it is a highly original meditation on art history and family as elegant and precise as the netsuke themselves. .
There is so many etails in this family memoir written by an illustrious authorartist The title of this book is a netsuke It is one of the many such objects small valuable Japanese miniatures that had semi practical use in Japan when men wore Kimonos They became objects of interests after 1854 when Japan was open to the west A large uantity was shipped to Europe and purchased by collectors Later other emerging impressionist artist caught on The focus of this family pained by anti Semitism is on the inheritance of a large collection of Japanese netsukes The author Edmund Readers Guide to African Literature de Waal learned about his family while he tries to track how the small treasures landed in his uncles handsDeWaal is aescendent of the famous and wealthy Ephrussis family a European Distributed Operating Systems Algorithms dynasty from the 19th century until WW11 As a Jewish family the Nazis confiscated everything they owned and literally put the family out on the street The netsukes were able to be successfully hiddenue to their small size and the help of a loyal household employee It was a the brutal estruction in Vienna in 1938 I tried to imagine being in the authors shoes researching his own history the wealthy famous family which he was connected a lessor known artist himself He visited their lives the rooms they livedand takes us on the journey with himIts interesting though I can t help but wonder am I the only person who first learned of the artist Edmund e Waal from learning of this book I m aware I m late to the party that this book has been read by many readers before me Yet until now I knew nothing about this story Its a beautiful book family history and history of our time I have just finished The hare with amber eyes I thought it was one of the most stunning books I Do Better d ever readThe language is wonderful The stories in France where Renoir and Proust just pop in as part of the scene oh what a feel for Impressionist France I particularly loved finding out that Charles is that figure in the top hat in the background of Renoir s Luncheon of the Boating Party somehow such a small intimateetail of Charles life has enlivened that painting for me for ever onto Vienna and the magnificence of Vienna and a life so easy and cultured and so European And Freud around the corner Wittgenstein hanging in there somewhere again making alive for me the whole milieu of Vienna before World War 1And then the horror of the growth of the nazis the horror that all happened so uickly who would know that one week you could go to the opera and the next have all taken from you and to be sent away on a train to a Toward a critical realist reading of African and African diaspora literatures. death camp To me the most horrific thing was small like the netsuke the book centres on over 600 Jews killed themselves on the night when the Nazis took over in Vienna and went on a rampage ofestruction and A WEALTH OF ACADEMIC IELTS ESSAYS defilement That will stay with me for ever to live in such horrorAnd in the middle of all the horror incredible beauty Anna s saving the netsuke from the nazi confiscation of all Jewish property And Iggie finding his way to Japan and a Japanese friend and houses with verandahs andrinks in the evening and opera and And the story itself becomes a netsuke I feel it curl in on itself a small beautiful thing that can fit into the palm of my hand where it opens and the longer I hold it I started out giving Hare with Amber Eyes four stars but as it settled in I Dangerously in Love decided to up it to five stars This is a very special booke Waal approaches his extraordinary family history as the artist he is art paintings and especially BWWM (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) decorative objects and architecture are all infused with his extraordinary visual and tactile sense Ion t use the word extraordinary lightly From the story s beginnings in the shtetl of Berdishev where the Ukraine meets Poland not far from the ancestral home of my own family although all we have in common with the Ephrussi are our roots and our iaspora there are no palaces in European capitals bearing our crest through a crescendo of unbelievable wealth and perhaps even enviable easy communion with the great artists and writers of the ay on to the inevitable tragedy that marks all European Jewish stories in the WW2 era through improbably and beautifully a charming gay love story in post war Japan and ending with the perfect and incongruous image of 10 Mindsets That Can Cause Drug and Alcohol Addiction and Mess up Sobriety de Waal s father an Anglican clergyman saying Kaddish for his Austrian Jewish mother in an English chapel every phase of DeWaal s family story amazes challengeselights andor saddens Charles Ephrussi is a particularly stunning character To inspire Proust and have had walk ons in Renoir paintings If you have read Proust learning about Ephrussi and his relationship to his art and to his Jewishness will give new texture to Swann and the world he and Proust s narrator move in If you haven t read Proust this book will probably make you want to It certainly made me want to re read
swann s ways Way to search out many of paintings Alchemy Ever After discussed But as exhilarating as those scenes of Paris mondanity are and as heartbreaking and infuriating the World War II chapters are Austria refusing to return property because it was the first victim of the Nazis it s De Waal s contemplative searching sometimes meandering voice that really gets under your skin and lets you see objects and textures through his eyes Ireamed of some of his imagery while reading this book that s how rich the relationship to vision is in his writing and I finished the book with an insatiable craving to see and handle a netsuke Highly recommended Oh my good Lord what My Academia did Io that you put me through the torture of reading that bookDid I like it NoIt is a story of the authors family in a blindly tunnel vision view of how everyone was out to get his Jewish family as they rose to the pinnacle of society in the Austrian empire survived or less as well as anyone else The Alchemy of Color Knitting: The Art and Technique of Mastering Exquisite Palettes did in the 2nd world war and on to his gay uncles exploits in JapanWith such wonderful chapter starters as It wasn t just Renoir who hated the Jews note no justification for the accusation whatsoever other than the mute point that allegedly Renoir had aislike for one of his great unclesThe later chapters of the book had a bit potential but it really wasn t up to scratch Great as someone s personal notes but sadly he Pathfinder Player Companion: Alchemy Manual didn t keep them to himself This was an interesting read and a fascinating account of the journey of a group of netsuke through a family history of about 140 years and several generations The journey moves from Paris to Vienna across Europe through Nazism and to JapanDe Waal s family history The concept of tracing the history of a rich Jewish bankers family through the vicissitudes of a collection of Japanese miniature sculptures is original and interesting The beginning of the book is a bit slow but it then comes to life with fascinatingescriptions of the Ephrussi in Paris AFRICAN AMERICAN URBAN during Impressionism or in Viennauring the first part of the 20th century ending with ramatic events surrounding the Austrian Anschluss into the German ReichAnd yet it is hard to feel much sympathy either for this family or for the author A wronged sense of entitlement pervades much of the book and a lot of energy goes into escribing how the family lost most of its wealth under the Nazis the escription of the Kristallnacht mob entering the Ephrussi building and ransacking the furniture is blood curdling On the other hand no moral judgment is passed on how the Ephrussi had been spending their money until then nor is the reader left any clearer as to how There are many excellent reasons for reading The Hare with Amber Eyes Its author Edmund De Waal is known to the world as a fine ceramic artist whose work is widely shown in museums and galleries He is also an exceptionally fine work is widely shown in museums and galleries He is also an exceptionally fine bringing an artist s sensibility to this other medium a meticulous attention to the etail of language its rhythms and its evocative potential Read the book for its exhaustive Computational Molecular Biology: An Algorithmic Approach (Computational Molecular Biology) descriptions of interiors whether bel poue Paris or Wiener Werkstatt Vienna for its evocations of historical moments like fine siecle France or Austria at the time of its annexation by Hitler and his Nazis or immediately post war bombed out Tokyo or for its compassionate portrayal of flawed and fascinating human characters Read it as a four generational family saga or an insightful history of Europe from the late nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth Read it even also particularly as a personal journey an exploration into the complex world of family heritage and inheritanceI came to the book as the result of reading a column by Roger Cohen in the New York Times before we left for Europe last month and ordered it in time to take it with us on our trip But I Mocktails didn t get to actually read it until this past week The column was called The Netsuke Survived and Cohen sescription of the book intrigued me It was a story of the survival not only of a collection of Japanese netsuke but of the European Jewish family through whose various hands it passed the family of which De Waal brought up as the son of an Anglican minister was the barely informed scion His research soon. The Ephrussis were a grand banking family as rich and respected as the Rothschilds who “burned like a comet” in nineteenth century Paris and Vienna society Yet by the end of World War II almost the only thing remaining of their vast empire was a collection of 264 wood and ivory carvings none of them larger than a matchboxThe renowned ceramicist Edmund Clojure In Action de Waal became the fifth generation to inherit this small and exuisite collection of netsuke Entranced by their beauty and mystery heetermined to trace the story of his family through the story of the collectionThe netsuke runken monks almost ripe plums snarling tigers were gathered by Charles Ephrussi at the height of the Parisian rage for all things Japanese Charles had .
Turned into an obsession that sidetracked him for two years from his own work as an artistThe story as it eventually revealed itself to him and now in turn to us is at once absorbing and increasingly moving as it progresses The Ephrussi family originally from Odessa worked its way to fame and fortune in Paris and Vienna in the late 1800s The fortune erived from its prodigious success in the banking business a success that initially gave its members access to the social elites and the cultural salons This part of the story involves associations and friendships with artists Renoir Degas and others with giants of the literary scene like Proust and the virulently anti Semitic Goncourt brothers Until l affaire Dreyfus and its opening of that BWWM (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2 (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Secret Baby Romance Contemporary Romance) deep vein of envy andistrust of Jews in French society a time at which the family seemed suddenly I would have enjoyed this book had I been less familiar with some of the topics tackled BWWM (An African American Romance) (BWWM Paranormal Scifi Romance) during its first half Namely the Paris and Vienna of the 1870 1914 period with Impressionism Japonisme Proust circles of Jewish finance and art patrons Dreyfus affairand the parallel Building of the Ringstrasse the Sezession Psychoanalysis etc All this is a bit of a j vu or African Literature: Overview and Bibliography d j lu for me But Edmunde Waal easily escapes the clich s when he relies on well known cultural episodes As the great grandchild of the Ephrussis the family whose history the book traces he is endowed with both a material and a moral advantage With access to family letters photographs and personal testimonies his account has a veneer of authenticity and freshness that is welcomed And as a ceramist De Waal commissioned by the VA to esign the new ceramics galleries literally handles the history of his family by turning it slowly and carefully around and around paying meticulous attention to all its materiality What emerges is a fascinating and very sad story of a Jewish family in the Europe from late 19th Century onwardsAll in all an endearing book with counterbalanced Diaspora and Home Returning stories the Ephrussis and their Netsuke collection At first I thought this book was slow overly preoccupied with art at the expense of narrative and becalmed By the end the author s view as artist illumined the narrative and its characters who are several past generations of his family As all the summaries and reviews say the generation of his great grandfather were a wealthy Jewish banking and grain exporting ynasty in Paris and Vienna and around Europe and also art collectors and patrons but in the next generation the family s financial wealth and influence was lost in the conflagration of Hitler and WWIIThe author has gone on a voyage of Eşti cool şi dacă vorbeşti corect discovery to reclaim his family and the lost world they experienced putting his own career and family on hold in the meantime At first what he soing wasn t clearly apparent I could see his amateurism in the writing for example ambiguous meaning or foreign words not always Fall for You defined but not why he was writing it Even though he was saying why I couldn t hear You have to be persistent with this book and stick with the author if youo it will pay off Since he s on that voyage of Money Blues to Blue Money discovery heoesn t always know himself just where he s going how much time to invest in researching and writing or whether what he s Facial Action Coding SystemInvestigator's Guide Part 16701 doing is importantThe journey is an achievement The authoridn t have to go on this journey but he Alchemy for Women didAntisemitismAt times the Ephrussis and the others of their circle were living the lives of aristocrats but whenever anything went wrong they were targeted in writing and the media When an artist s Jewish patron was supporting him at the level to which that artist had become accustomed everything was hunkyory but if not it was because the patron was giving precedence to Jew artWhen a Catholic bank with ties to the Church collapsed popular analysis related the circumstance to Jewish bankers nonchalantly playing at enormous financial transactions as though at a party gameThe clever uick witted indefatigable Jew had been gifted with freedom in their countries only to prey upon a public and political world totally unfit for efense against or competition with him Fresh from Talmud and synagogue and conseuently trained to conjure with the law and skilled in intrigue the invading Semite arrived from Galicia or Hungary and carried everything before him Unknown and therefore unchecked by public opinion without any stake in the country and therefore reckless he sought only to gratify his insatiable appetite for wealth and power English writer Henry Wickham Steed Capitalism and the Jews is really good regarding conspiracy theories like that The author Jerry Muller is a historian not an economist or businessman My review can be found at How recent the emancipation of Jews in Europe has been isn t always evident in this book Jews had only been allowed out of the ghettos or shtetls in the author s great and great great grandfathers ay whereupon some had proceeded to achieve commercial professional academic and artistic heights within two generations A couple of years ago at the Decatur GA Book Festival I heard Doug Blackmon author of Slavery by Another at the Decatur GA Book Festival I heard Doug Blackmon author of Slavery by Another The Re Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II speak He remarked on the explosion of achievement and creativity by African Americans upon freedom from Jim Crow his term was unprecedented if I remember right He might have considered the Jews of Europe in the 1800s to have been a precedentIn the acknowledgements the author includes Michael Goldfarb as one of three people who encouraged him to stop talking and start writing That is almost certainly the same Michael Goldfarb who wrote Emancipation How Liberating Europe s Jews from the Ghetto Led to Revolution and Renaissance a highly readable history I recommend it to accompany this book and fill in the historical gapsReligious feelingThe reader could get the picture that the Ephrussis were secular Jews Nicholas Flamels First Codex devoid of religious feeling or attachment to Judaism There are clues at the end albeit subtle that the reader could be wrong This author is not very adept atescribing such feelings not even for example in his father a clergyman When a few generations earlier Jews were in their ghettos or shtetls Judaism wasn t a religion it was a way a way of life When they emerged the social realities upon which that was based were Alien decimated Goldfarb writes that in the first generation there were a lot of conversions eg Heinrich Heine Marx s father etc With avenues of creativity opening the hemorrhaging slowed The Ephrussis could have converted before the Nazis forced their hand butid not I ve read that in Germany society emanded that the contribution of Jews be in terms of what they gave up of Jewishness not what they gave from their heritageSometimes I think of all the American Jewish celebrities and scientists today who eclare they re secular or atheist They think they are being so smart and rational but it comes across to me that same way that they re knuckling under I think people know that being a minority in a majority culture has its impact but when it comes to ourselves we underestimate that kind of impactJuly 23 2013 I ve been editing some parts of this review that were too negative which I want to mention in case the editing affects how some of the comments appear in relation to the reviewNews The author s grandmother s novel which he thought was unpublishable has been published earlier this year The Exiles Return There was a beautiful review by Erica Wagner identified as the literary editor of The Times of London in the MayJune issue of Moment Magazine but there is no link that I can post Now I m thinking I may have been able to open and copypaste but I haven t one that yet Anyway she says Edmund e Waal was overly modest about his grandmother s book She she says Edmund À quoi rêvent les algorithmes de Waal was overly modest about his grandmother s book She she was expecting an inward looking ruminative meditation on the aftermath of conflict and found insteada bold gripping and highly political novel She further says it s no surprise Elisabethe Waal couldn t find a publisher right after the end of the war since the book BWWM (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 40 (Interracial African American Billionaire Baby Romance Marriage Urban) 40: Billionaires Secret Baby (Interracial African American Romance Urban Baby Romance Short Stories) deals frankly with anti Semitism and the lingering stench of the HolocaustThere are already a few reviews on GoodreadsAddendum Dec 15 2013 Trading in GrainFrom my current book on capitalism in western thought The Mind and the Market by Jerry Muller I m coming to understand a little about the place of the grain trade in economics worthy of an addendum here since the Ephrussi financial empire was founded on the wheat businessBy way of background both Christianity and the Greek city state lookedown not only on money lending but also on commerce In Christian thought wealth had been seen as an evil and commerce too Man was to earn his living by the sweat of his brow Trade buying cheap in one place and selling at a profit somewhere else was stealing based on the theory that there was only so much wealth and on ignorance of the roles of knowledge and risk taking For the classical Greeks unlike the Christian theologians wealth wasn t evil The head of household. Hunned the place set aside for him
"in the family business to make a study of art and of beautiful living An early supporter of the Impressionists "the family business to make a study of art and of beautiful living An early supporter of the Impressionists appears oddly formal in a top hat in Renoir’s Luncheon of the Boating Party Marcel Proust studied Charles closely enough to use him as a model for the aesthete and lover Swann in Remembrance of Things PastCharles gave the carvings as a wedding gift to his cousin Viktor in Vienna; his children were allowed to play with one netsuke each while they watched their mother the Baroness Emmy Spare the Child: The Religious Roots of Punishment and the Psychological Impact of Physical Abuse dress for ball after ball Her olderaughter grew up to Managing Activism A Guide to Dealing with Activists and Pressure Groups disdain fashionable society Longing to write she struck up a correspondence with Rilke who encouraged her in her poetryThe Anschluss changed th.