E–pub/Pdf [The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia The Drums of Life Contemporary American Indians] ´ Rosemary Clark Whitlock


The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia The Drums of Life Contemporary American IndiansThe contemporary Monacan Nation had approximately 1400 registered members in 2006 approximately 1400 registered members in 2006 mostly in and around Lynchburg Virginia in Amherst County but some are scattered like other large family Records trace the Monacans of Virginia back to the late 1500s with an estimated opulation of over 15000 in the 1700s Like members of some other native tribes the Monacans have a long history of struggles for euality in jobs health care and education and have suffered cultural olitical and social abuse "At The Hands Of Authority "the hands of authority appointed to serve them The critical difference for the Monacans was the actions of segregationist Dr Walter A Plecker Director of the Bureau of Vital Statistics from

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912 until he retired at age 85 in 1946 A strong Kaki vojaki: roman v rimah in slikah proponent and enforcer of Virginia’s Racial Integrity Law of 1924 struck down in 1967 whichrohibited marriage between races Plecker’s interpretation of that law convinced him that there were only two races–white and colored–and anyone not bearing hysically white genetic characteristics was “colored” and that included Indians He would not let Indians get married in Virginia unless they applied as white or colored he forced the local teachers to falsify the students’ race on the official school rolls and he threatened court clerks and census takers with rosecution if students’ race on the official school rolls and he threatened court and census takers with rosecution if used the term “Indian” on any official form He ersonally Hanged government records when his directives were not followed and even coerced ostpartum Indian mothers to list their newborns as white or colored or they could not take their infants home from the hospital Eventually the federal government intervened directing the Virginia state officials to begin the tedious rocess
of correcting official 
correcting official Yet the legacy of Plecker’s attempted cultural genocide remains Through interviews with 26 Monacans one Episcopal minister appointed to serve them one former clerk cultural genocide remains Through interviews with 26 Monacans one Episcopal minister appointed to serve them one former clerk the court for Amherst County and her own story Whitlock rovides first "person accounts of what happened to the Monacan families and how " accounts of what happened to the Monacan families and how very existence as Indians was threatened. .