The Third Wave Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century (DOWNLOAD)

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The author did not really understand some if not all of the countries he wrote about I lost interest in the Book As Soon As I as soon as I him claiming with certainty there were only 400 1000 deaths at Tiananmen Suare as I him claiming with certainty there were only 400 1000 deaths at Tiananmen Suare The actual number was believe to be much higherAnother problemOn page 300 304 he wrote derivatives of Confuciusism in Taiwan etc and he also said Taiwan had less Confucius influence compared to ChinaThis clearly shows he did not know anything about China and TaiwanTaiwan has successfully retained Chinese tradition culture and ideology like confuciusim while China had pretty much destroyed it during cultural revolutionEven HK has retained Chinese traditioncultureideology betterIf the author had during cultural revolutionEven HK has retained Chinese traditioncultureideology betterIf the author had facts wrong I cannot be sure what else is wrong in the book This is supposed to be a classic This is not for the first time that religious passions and obscurantism has been used as an instrument of imperialist policy in the global power game Religious obscurantism had played in the hands of the British imperialism particularly in its conspiracies hatched against the Ottoman Empire It was also used as an instrument of imperial policy in India for the consolidation and defense of British Indian Empire Some times they encouraged Jihad Islami In Afghan and Palestine and some time they undermined it as in the case of ChechenThis is Third wave that they promiseUSA support green flag against URRS and after fall of Sovite union green flagIslamic resistance get up agianst USAUk In fact the childeren had been born by CIA has been gow up and would out of control Samuel Huntington has authored many important works This is one of those He argues that the 20th century has seen three waves of democracy More and countries democratize and then democracy recedes Nonetheless over time the total number of democracies has grown A useful work with an historical perspective While Huntington has no concerns about keeping his prose lively I still found this book worth pushing through for the detailed analysis it presents It s also important to heed the caveats he offers at the beginning this is intended to be an in depth consideration of the conditions processes and results of the third wave of democratizations that happened in the second half of the 20th century It is not intended as an authoritative text on all democratization everywhere though of course you can t help but draw general conclusions as you read it which he also does openly as the book progresses I read it shortly after finishing a book on the origins and early years of the Ira war The Assassin s Gate by George Packer highly recommended and found that an interesting case to consider in light of the democratizations Huntington focuses on The Third Wave is also a helpful perspective when the Atlantic and other media are running headlines like Is Democracy Dying This book doesn t answer that uestion both because of its scope and temporal focus but it certainly adds to the conversation Huntington appears to have rushed this book out to have something in the market as the Iron Curtain fell in the early 1990s Poor editing has resulted in lists of countries when a table would ha. Between 1974 and 1990 than thirty countries in southern Europe Latin America East Asia and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government This global democratic revolution is probably the most important political trend in the late twentieth century In The Third Wave Samuel P Huntington analyzes the causes and nature of these democratic transitions evaluates the prospects for stability of the new democracies and explores the possibility of countries becoming democratic The recent transitions he argues are the third major wave of democratization in the modem world Each of the two previous waves was followed by a reverse wave in which some countries shifted back to authoritarian government Using concrete exampl. Ve conveyed the information clearly A fundamental limitation is that Huntington appears to adopt a flawed US model of democracy without exploring other models The most interesting comments come in the last chapter with Huntington S Observation That No Islamic observation that No Islamic has sustained a fully democratic system for any length of time If he had focused on the implications of these cultural differences he would have had a interesting book and perhaps one that would have been useful to US policy makers with their fatally flawed oxymoronic and uixotic attempts to impose democracy on Afghanistan and Ira Though a little dated this book by Samuel Huntington provides an systematic exposition of democratization as a process Beginning with the underlying and casual causes he identifies the lack of economic development stating a specific threshold known as the transitional zone at which democracy will emerge a paucity of Protestantism and its concomitant values and ethos and unforthcoming support and assistance from superpowers namely either the US EU or Soviet Union Then he goes on to explicate the reasons for democratization how it can be consolidated and what to anticipate in the future I should confess a distaste for Huntington to start I thought Political Order in Changing Societies was crypto fascist with too much emphasis on the strength of institutions with too little attention paid to their purpose or responsiveness And Clash of Civilizations was essentially racist absolutism with as much intellectual rigor as a stand up comedian s white people do this black people do that act Still that doesn t mean The Third Wave is all bad Huntington should get a lot of respect for trying to explain the undeniable transition toward the liberal democratic model that took place in the latter portion of the 20th century rather than trying to come up with silly one size fits all theories for predicting democratization like Rostow s Take Off TheoryHuntington S off theoryHuntington s boils down to failures by the authoritarian state versus the rise of non state actors Dictators economically isolated and internally corrupt fail to generate the funds necessary to supply goods to the people in order to buy their obedience through social services and other programs Using force to uash dissent proves less effective as dissent grows widespread fomenting armed resistance In the meantime non state institutions varying from trade unions to religious groups provide services to the public motivate social movements against the regime and contribute to the demise of the regime s claim to authority Huntington offers a strong structural explanation for democratizationHis attempts to guess at which countries will emerge out of the democratization process as stable and promising democracies is where he falls short however He is correct that native democracy movements do better because they have better claims at legitimacy but he lumps external factors into a vague welcoming international environment category that downplays the massive influence of the Washington Consensus and the political economy in determining ust how much freedom Third World countries have to elect who they wa. Es empirical evidence and insightful analysis Huntington provides neither a theory nor a history of the third wave but an explanation of why and how it occurredFactors responsible for the democratic trend include the legitimacy dilemmas of authoritarian regimes; economic and social development; the changed role of the Catholic Church; the impact of the United States the European Community and the Soviet Union; and the snowballing phenomenon change in one country stimulating change in others Five key elite groups within and outside the nondemocratic regime played roles in shaping the various ways democratization occurred Compromise was key to all democratizations and elections and nonviolent tactics also were central New democracies must The Third Wave Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century

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Nt and what policies they adopt Huntington switches from structure to culture in the predictive part of the book and The Third Wave is at its most noxious when he casts doubts upon democracy in places like Mongolia and Pakistan because democracy is somehow incompatible with Confucian and Islamic precepts The enemy of democracy true rule by the people has been and always will be the campaign by elites inside and outside a country to defend their interests against the majority who would redistribute resources eually If cultural factors were truly a major variable in deciding who holds on to democracy how does one explain the variance of democracy s survival in culturally similar places like Britain and Germany or Romania and RussiaTo be fair Huntington did not have the benefit of a crystal ball Yet like too many scholars he fell into the trap of looking at people based on nominal categories something that people based on nominal categories something that have been doing since the time of race science and eugenics if not before If you can separate the bad from the good The Third Wave is an interesting exploration of the conditions leading up to authoritarian breakdown and the rise of democratic movements but not much than that It turns out that my review was La truffe, la terre, la vie just for the Clash Of Civilizations I thought Samuel Huntington s insights on reasons for conflict in the future to be fairly unoriginal but then again if it is unoriginal it is most likely accurate in political science His theory helps explain some of the current conflicts such as those between the Arabs and Israelis or between Al aeda and the United States but it runs into problems when we start to talk about local conflicts The major conflicts may fall under this paradigm but the genocides in Darfur and Rwanda or the Russian invasion of Georgia occur within civilizations His theory may play a part in future conflict but probably not a much bigger part than it has for centuries A paradigm for world conflict must be much complicated in order to cover world conflicts This could fall under the general ethnic and cultural conflicts I think the main purpose of his project was accomplished though which was to start a conversation of what is the major paradigm for post cold war conflict When it comes to the book The Third Wave Huntington is very thorough and maps out the democratization waves very nicely It is an important work to help anyone learn the best ways to turn their country from an Authoritarian regime do a democracy This is a very understated work Ah Huntington I guess it was inevitable that I wouldn t make it through a Master s in International Affairs without having to read this one Interesting premise but history has shown he s gotten it a little bit wrong I have some strong objections to his take on dealing with past human rights abuses in transitional phases Thereust isn t good evidence to support his claim that you can t pursue peace unless you grant amnesty to perpetrators Latin American cases have proven that you can and often should confront the past in the as many ways as possible including full prosecutions for those who committed human rights abuses interesting but not as good as i had rights abuses interesting but not as good as i had Eal with the torturer problem and the praetorian problem and attempt to develop democratic values and processes Disillusionment with democracy Huntington argues is necessary to consolidating democracy He concludes the book with an analysis of the political economic and cultural factors that will decide whether or not the third wave continuesSeveral Guidelines for Democratizers offer specific practical suggestions for initiating and carrying out reform Huntington's emphasis on practical application makes this book a valuable tool for anyone engaged in the democratization process At this volatile time in history Huntington's assessment of the processes of democratization is indispensable to understanding the future of democracy in the world. .
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